It covers some 77,000 square miles (200,000 square km) of territory. The dried bark and its paste are used to cure rheumatism. There is even a vigilante group called the Bishnoi Tiger Force patrolling the Jodhpur district[1]. The blackbuck, scientifically known as Antilope cervicapra is found mainly in India, where it is protected by wildlife laws. 2010. It inhabits scrub areas, including the Rajasthan, so it is a native animal of the Thar Desert. About 23 species of lizard and 25 species of snakes are found here and several of them are endemic to the region. If you are interested in history begone millions of years, head to the Desert National Park. The Thar Desert is also home to 25 native species of snakes. Online at https://outreachecology.com/landmark/overview/outreach/ (viewed on September 18, 2017). The ecological biodiversity of Thar is closely linked to the daily life of the people and forms the basis for traditional knowledge systems. In times of crop scarcity, fruit, roots and seeds of wild plants supplement the diet. Sharma, Arun K., and J.C. Tewari. Powdered root bark is taken with hot water to cure asthma and cough, and as a laxative. Thapar, Valmik. 2017. Tourists have been visiting desert both before and after independence. It was also home to some of the oldest civilizations in the world, such as the Indus Valley Civilisation of Harappa and Mohenjo-daro from the Bronze Age. The rich but sparse vegetation includes tree species, small shrubs, and medicinal herbs. There are also lakes and salt marshes. An envoy of Maharana Bheem Singh of Mewar explained to Tod, ‘Wherever the anwal [Cassia aurigulata] puts forth its yellow blossom, the land is of right ours . Clumps of kheemp bushes cling to the sand slopes, while the sturdy, prickly ranks of the thhor cactus stand ready to face the blaze of day. Online at http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.403.6008&rep=rep1&type=pdf (viewed on September 18, 2017). High velocity of the wind lead to the soil erosion, depositing of neighbouring fertile lands and shifting of sand dunes with the region of desert, which causes blockage of roads and railway tracks and burial of fences. Their centuries-old experiences, under diverse socioeconomic and cultural conditions, were passed from generation to generation and have established well-contained systems of production (agropastoral/livestock husbandry) which accrue maximum benefits from their woody component(s) (Sharma and Tewari 2016:5). The grounded inflorescence mixed with sugar in water is used for prevention of boils and skin diseases. Published on: 12 July 2018. Online at, By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Also to be seen are the bulbul (peencho), kites (cheel) and crows (kagla). This wildcat subspecies occurs from eastern Caspian north to Kazakhstan into west India, western China and southern parts of Mongolia, which explains the different variations of its name. and S.P. The animals found in the Great Thar Desert include species of reptile, desert scorpions, mongoose, red fox, falcons, and Chinkara. Fossorial Animals: What Animals Live Underground? Malini Saigal . Tandon 15. In general, these species are scattered in the Thar desert, but in some districts, their population is dense. Sharma, Meghendra and Ashwani Kumar. With an area of more than … Species such as the khejri tree (Prosopis cineraria) and the kair shrub (Capparis decidua) have a deep root system to tap into ground water reserves. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Here you can discover the differences between a donkey, a mule and an ass. Kair (Capparis decidua): The fruit and flowers are cooked as a vegetable, usually with khejri pods. A temple at Khejarli marks the site of the massacre and every year thousands of Bishnoi congregate to commemorate the sacrifice of their ancestors. Revival prospects of larger mammals in the Thar desert of Rajasthan P.L. In his tome on Rajputana, James Tod described the origin of a popular Mewari saying, ‘anwal, anwal Mewar, bawal, bawal Marwar’ which makes plants the basis for territorial divide between the frequently feuding states. Customer Reviews Here you can learn more about the difference between a colubrid and a snake, and all the basic requirements to keep snakes as pets. For any queries, comments, or feedback, please contact Sahapedia at, छत्तीसगढ़ी Chhattisgarhi, Photo Essay on Arna Jharna: The Desert Museum, Arna Jharna as a Desert Museum: Guide To Further Readings, The Desert Frontier: A History of Travel and Nomadism, Bishnoi Tiger Force patrolling the Jodhpur district, http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.403.6008&rep=rep1&type=pdf, http://environment.rajasthan.gov.in/content/environment/en/rajasthan-state-biodiversity-board/about-rajasthan/threatened-species-of-rajasthan.html, http://www.springer.com/cda/content/document/cda_downloaddocument/9783540874089-c1.pdf?SGWID=0-0-45-656808-p173843214, http://austinpublishinggroup.com/jpceonline/download.php?file=fulltext/jpce-v1-id1004.pdf, http://www.efloraofgandhinagar.in/herb/aerva-sanguinolenta, http://www.fao.org/ag/agp/agpc/doc/gbase/latinsearch.htm, https://outreachecology.com/landmark/overview/outreach/, Vintage Typewriters: Lifeline of Indian Courts, Diwali Celebrations of the Nepali Community of…, The Festival of Lights in Various Religious and…, Diwali: The Various Shades of the Festival of…, The Evolving Storyline of Rajasthan’s Kaavad, One Story that is Many: Rama Katha in the…, The Sundarbans: Disaster, Damage and Displacement, S. Irfan Habib in Conversation with S. M.…, History of Taziya in India: The Symbol of…, കേരളത്തിന്റെ തനതു പന്തുകളികള്‍, നാടന്‍ പന്തുകളി: ഒരു കേരളീയ ജനപ്രിയ കായികവിനോദം. The Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) is among the heaviest flying birds in India. The Indian desert cat avoids those areas associated with human habitation. A report in Journal of Plant Chemistry and Ecophysiology states: Rural people in India are endowed with a deep knowledge concerning the use of alternative plants when the staple food is in short supply and alternative food consumption is still very common in rural areas in Rajasthan. FAUNA SPINY TAILED LIZARD A small lizard known as Indian spiny tailed lizard can be found hiding in the sand of the Thar desert. Yet, despite the difficult terrain, the desert does bloom, and a wide variety of hardy plants comprise a vegetative zone called the North-western Thorn Scrub Forest consisting of perennial and annual grasses, shrubs and small trees. Durvey tentatively identified the cave fish as belonging to the Schizothoracine family of snow trout, a type of carp that are normally restricted to the cool mountain streams of the Himalayas. Here you can learn all about the differences between camels and dromedaries. Ber (Ziziphius mauritania): The tangy-sweet fruit is rich in Vitamin C. It is eaten raw, or dried, powdered and mixed with molasses or bajra flour. Jodhpur: Mehrangarh Museum Trust. These include the saw-scaled viper (Echis carinatus) and the rat snakes, including the dhaman or Indian rat snake (Ptyas mucosa). Succulents like cactus are able to store water in its tissues. The diversified topography of the desert region has resulted in a rich flora and fauna at Thar. ———. It is about 5.9 ft (1.8 m) tall and weighs about 900 pounds. Odonata in the Thar desert - M. Prasad 16. 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