The geopolitical zones in Nigeria are currently six in number, with each containing a set of people with similar culture, belonging to the same ethnic group or even sharing the same history. Temperatures are above 18 °C (64 °F) throughout the year. it consists of a Federal Capital Territory and 36 Physical Geography of West Africa The 8 million square kilometers and 17 countries covered by this atlas encompass a wide range of landscapes from alluvial valleys in Senegal and Ghana, sandy plains and low plateaus across the Sahel, and rolling hills of Togo to rugged mountains with summits reaching over 1,500 m in Guinea and 1,800 m in Niger. : 98 Reason for the Zones. If that's not enough, click over to our collection of world maps and flags. Bonny town found in the coastal region of the Niger delta area in southern Nigeria receives well over 4,000 mm (157.5 in) of rainfall annually. Two months ago, Political Geography Now published a map of Boko Haram rebel control in Nigeria as the government declared a state of emergency and began a large-scale military intervention. -South east : Presence of large market in this region boosts the rate of development there. The earliest cities in Nigeria were the northern cities of Kano and Katsina that started around 1000 C.E. It is a vast land, from diversity of people and languages to its natural resources. Below is the map of Nigeria that also showcases other African countries that shares a common boundary with Nigeria. The nation shares maritime borders with Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, and São Tomé and Príncipe. The six geopolitical zones in Nigeria were created during the military regime of President Ibrahim Babangida.Nigeria’s economic, political and educational resources are often shared across the zones. This map shows the location of major cities but does not show any political (state) boundries. The Tropical Continental Airmass (CT) locally known as the Harmattan, is a wind originating from North Africa which crosses the Sahara Desert into west Africa to Nigeria. The Tropical continental airmass (CT) finally retreats from most part of Nigeria, and the West African atmosphere around April to May, leaving an empty atmosphere over Nigeria. The Federal Republic of Nigeria is a country in West Africa and the most populous country on the African continent. As visible on the physical map above, large parts of Niger is covered by the Sahara Desert. This is entirely within the tropical zone. Annual rainfall totals vary from 2,400 to over 4,000 millimeters. Nigeria has a diverse geography, with climates ranging from arid to humid equatorial. The Easterly wave or the African easterly waves is another major contributor of rainfall during the summer monsoons months of May to September in Nigeria. History of Nigeria . Nigeria has the largest Muslim population in sub-Saharan Africa. Nigeria Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, … However, the state contains the largest urban area in Nigeria, the City of Lagos. Nigeria is divided into six geopolitical zones which consist of states with close geographical location, similar history, cultures and political ideologies.. Annual rainfall totals are lower compared to the southern and central part of Nigeria. About 70% of Nigeria's crude oil and gas production is from the area. Taiwo Olowo’s Monument Lagos Island is believed to be the home of most of the noteworthy landmarks in the Nigerian Map. The waves that pass south of this line carry moisture and create convection that leads to rain clouds. The landlocked West African country of Niger occupies an area of 1,267,000 sq. Currently, 51.2 % of the population of Nigeria is urban (102,805,995 people in 2019) Population Density The 2019 population density in Nigeria is 221 people per Km 2 (571 people per mi 2 ), calculated on a total land area of 910,770 Km2 (351,650 sq. Benue and the Niger are the two main rivers of Nigeria North of this is fresh water swamp, containing different vegetation from the salt water mangrove swamps, and north of that is rain forest. Nigeria's natural resources include but are not limited to petroleum (see petroleum in Nigeria), tin, columbite, iron ore, coal, limestone, lead, zinc, natural gas, hydropower, and arable land. Below is the list of geopolitical zones with their states. To the southwest of the Niger there is "rugged" highland, and to the southeast of the Benue hills and mountains are found all the way to the border with Cameroon. Its invasion is as a result of the northward retreat, of the tropical continental airmass (CT) known as the harmattan. Nigeria is of significant importance in the world because of its extraordinary geographical location, unique cultural architecture; stunning scenery, friendly inhabitants and vigorous nightlife that … Nigeria is of significant importance in the world because of its extraordinary geographical location, unique cultural architecture; stunning scenery, friendly inhabitants and vigorous nightlife that … The whole of West Africa is heated intensely as result of the increased insolation received from the sun being overhead over west Africa. View Article: PubMed Central - PubMed Affiliation: Department of Primary Care and Population Health, University College London Medical School (Royal Free Campus), Rowland Hill street, London, NW3 2PF, United Kingdom. The six zones were created during the regime of president General Sani Abacha. FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA: Nigeria has an area of 923,768.00 sq kilometres and lies between latitude 40 and 140 North of the equator and longitudes 30 and 140 East of the greenwich meridian. Nigeria. Geographical Regions of Nigeria. Highlands in these region attain an average height of more than 1,524 m (5,000 ft) to some standing above 2,000 metres (6,562 ft) above sea level. Convectional currents are easily set up within the airmass whenever there is little instability in the airmass as a result of a slight to a very high orographic uplift in mountainous regions like the obudu plateau or the heating of the land which can trigger the formation of cumulonimbus cloud leading to thunderstorms within the airmass. Nigeria Map - Physical Map of Nigeria. With a population of over 170 million and growing, Nigeria is the largest of the countries. These two major wind systems in Nigeria are known as the trade winds. Nigeria is the heavenly nation of Africa, where tourists enjoy their stay to its peak. Infoplease has everything you need to know about Nigeria. Geographical Features: FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF NIGERIA: Nigeria has an area of 923,768.00 sq kilometres and lies between latitude 40 and 140 North of the equator and longitudes 30 and 140 East of the greenwich meridian. The three ethnic groups in this country, The airmass makes life difficult as a result of low visibility which hampers transportation. This name comes from the vastness of its land, the diversity of its peoples and languages, its huge population (the largest in … It is the 2,419 m high Chappal Waddi. commonly referred to as, lies in the west of Africa and Nigeria's location in the tropics has given her a tropical hot climate. Description: Detailed large political map of Nigeria showing names of capital cities, towns, states, provinces and boundaries with neighbouring countries. Zoom Map. Over 4,000 mm (157.5 in) of rainfall is received in the coastal region of Nigeria around the Niger delta area. (The latter is the least common, and is mainly found in the mountains near the Cameroon border.) But afternoons in the rainy season can be hot and humid, a feature of tropical climates. The annual rainfall received in this region is very high, usually above the 2,000 mm (78.7 in) rainfall totals giving for tropical rainforest climates worldwide. Rainfall totals in central Nigeria varies from 1,100 mm (43.3 in) in the lowlands of the river Niger Benue trough to over 2,000 mm (78.7 in) along the south western escarpment of the Jos Plateau.. ___ Administrative Map of Nigeria Nigeria is a country on the coast of West Africa, bordered in south by the Bight of Benin and the Bight of Biafra (Bight of Bonny), both part of the Gulf of Guinea, by Niger in north, Benin in west, Cameroon in south east, and by Chad in north east by a boundary across Lake Chad. Highlands with the alpine climate in Nigeria, are well over 1,520 metres (4,987 ft) above sea level. Federal Republic of Nigeria, or Nigeria as it is Road Map of NigeriaRoad map and map image of Nigeria. We now present an updated map of the continued fighting and attacks following the rebels' apparent loss of any significant territorial control. Kano State has sought to incorporate Sharia law into its constitution. The rainy season in the northern part of Nigeria last for only three to four months (June–September). Abuja, city, capital of Nigeria. What is the official name of Nigeria? Numerous sandy islands occur with fresh water vegetation. The dry season is accompanied by a dust laden airmass from the Sahara Desert, locally known as Harmattan, or by its main name, The Tropical Continental (CT) airmass, while the rainy season is heavily influenced by an airmass originating from the south Atlantic ocean, locally known as the south western wind, or by its main name, The Tropical Maritime (MT) airmass. Using this free map quiz game, you can learn about Nigeria and 54 other African countries. Then temperature ranges are almost constant throughout the year, for example, Warri town in the southern part of Nigeria, records a maximum of 28 °C (82.4 °F) for its hottest month while its lowest temperature is 26 °C (78.8 °F) in its coldest month. The lower course of the Niger River flows south through the western part of the country into the Gulf of Guinea. Lagos, the capital of Nigeria, is located on the Atlantic coast of the country. Nigeria is considered to be the 32nd largest country in See Ijede photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Ijede in Nigeria. But its coming brings some relief to farmers since the low humidity present in the air quickens the drying of their crops. Google Map of Nigeria What are the geographical coordinates of Nigeria? The rest of the southeast receives between 2,000 and 3,000 mm (118.1 in) of rain per year. The major highlands in this region are the Obudu Plateau above 1,584 m (5,197 ft), Mambilla Plateau above 1,524 m (5,000 ft) and Mt. SOURCE: National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, Bethesda, MD, USA The northward retreat of the tropical continental airmass (CT), is caused by the sun's northward shift from the tropic of capricorn in the southern hemisphere to the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere. Temperatures can climb as high as 35 °C (95.0 °F) over west Africa during this time. states. In this post, we take a look at the 36 states of the country. three largest groups, are Yoruba, Igbo and Hausa. Lagos State is the smallest state in Nigeria, with a total land area of 3,475 square kilometres (1,342 square miles). which are considered to be the most influential and the The tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate, is extensive in area and covers most of western Nigeria to central Nigeria beginning from the tropical rainforest climate boundary in southern Nigeria to the central part of Nigeria, where it exerts enormous influence on the region. Nigeria - Geographical Names, map, geographic coordinates. Geography of Nigeria. Nigeria is located in western Africa. With the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) swinging northward over West Africa from the Southern Hemisphere in April, heavy showers coming from pre-monsoonal convective clouds mainly in the form of squall lines also known as the north easterlies formed mainly as a result of the interactions of the two dominant airmasses in Nigeria known as the Maritime tropical (south westerlies) and the Continental tropical (north easterlies), begins in central Nigeria while the Monsoons from the south atlantic ocean arrives in central Nigeria in July bringing with it high humidity, heavy cloud cover and heavy rainfall which can be daily occurrence lasting till September when the monsoons gradually begin retreating southward to the southern part of Nigeria. The Tropical monsoon climate has a very small temperature range. The middle belt of Nigeria contains the most of the minority ethnic groups in Nigeria and they are mostly Christians and members of traditional religions with few Muslim converts. Ngo, M. B. E. "Human Rights Issues in Cameroon in the Case of the Independentists Arrested in Nigeria and Extradited to Cameroon." the world, the Niger Delta. This is entirely within the tropical zone. Nigeria is bordered to the north by Niger, to the east by Chad and Cameroon, to the south by the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west by Benin. Some examples of these are the Zuma rock, Gurara Falls, and the stunning Owu Falls.  Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, Mambilla Plateau, Jos Plateau, Obudu Plateau, the Niger River, River Benue and Niger Delta. This is a list of the extreme points of Nigeria, the points that are farther north, south, east or west than any other location. Check out our country profile, full of essential information about Nigeria's geography, history, government, economy, population, culture, religion and languages. Latitude: 10º00´ North of the Equator. The Ijede hotels map … The first rainy season begins around March and last to the end of July with a peak in June, this rainy season is followed by a short dry break in August known as the August break which is a short dry season lasting for two to three weeks in August. 12: In the middle of the dry season around December, a dusty wind from the Sahara Desert called the Harmattan enters Nigeria from the northeastern part of the country blocking sun rays partially from shining and also creating haze in the atmosphere, this activities of the wind lowers temperatures considerably saving inhabitants for sometime, from the scorching heat that would have occurred as a result of clearer skies during the dry season. Longitude: 8º00´ East of Greenwich Meridian. miles). In the rainy season it is damp, and the rainfalls are usually abundant. Nigeria's seasons are determined by rainfall with rainy season and dry season being the major seasons in Nigeria. The tropical monsoon climate, designated by the Köppen climate classification as "Am", is found in the southern part of the country. The haze is as a result of the dust within the airmass limiting visibility and blocking much of the sun's rays from reaching the earth. NORTH CENTRAL (7 States) Niger State, Kogi State, Benue State, Plateau State, Nassarawa State, … Area: 923,768 sq km Coastline: 853km Capital: Abuja The Federal Republic of Nigeria lies on the Gulf of Guinea and has borders with Benin (west), Niger (north), Chad (north-east across Lake Chad) and Cameroon (east). The high temperatures coupled with an increase in insolation causes a region of low pressure to develop over west Africa and Nigeria (between March to May). Nigeria Map Map of Federal Republic of Nigeria. However, there are also Natural Landmarks that are absolutely beautiful in Nigeria. Abuja, Nigeria's capital city found in central Nigeria, has a temperature range of 18.45 °C (65.21 °F) to 36.9 °C (98.4 °F), and an annual rainfall of about 1,500 mm (59.1 in) with a single rainfall maxima in September.. She is located on the west of Africa, bordering the Gulf of Guinea in the south, the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Nigeria is located in western Africa. Noted geographical features in Nigeria include the Adamawa highlands, Its warmth and high humidity gives it a strong tendency to ascend and produce copious rainfall, which is a result of the condensation of water vapour in the rapidly rising air.. Nigeria is affected by four climate types; these climate types are distinguishable, as one moves from the southern part of Nigeria to the northern part of Nigeria through Nigeria's middle belt. Venezuela. It also shares a border with the self-declared, but internationally unrecognized state of Ambazonia in the southeast. Both the forest zone and the savannah zone are divided into three parts. Geography. The The sun shines through the atmosphere with little obstructions from the clear skies making the dry season in Nigeria a period of warm weather conditions. The location map of Nigeria below highlights the geographical position of Nigeria within Africa on the world map. The mass has no ability of forming rain due to low humidity within the airmass, since it crosses the Sahara Desert, it picks up dust instead of water thereby creating little chances for rainfall. Nigeria has distinctive regions including plains, swamps, deserts, mountains, and jungles. Temperatures in Nigeria vary according to the seasons of the year as with other lands found in the tropics. The Niger at Onitsha 53 67 Relief and Drainage of the North Central High Plains 157 LS 25 Physical Regions of the Niger Delta 68 The Anchau Tset... 158 Morphology of the Eastern Delta 58 69 Settlement Types in the Zaria District the world and its size is more or less like the size of Nigeria Maps of the World - Interactive World Fact Book - Flags, Maps, Economy, Geography, Climate, Natural Resources, Current Issues, International Agreements, … Seven countries border Niger. This shift begins from February and ends in June, when the sun is fully overhead, at the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere. Nigeria Map - Physical Map of Nigeria Description: The Physical Map of Nigeria showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, Ocean, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. Nigerian Geographical Information – Overview Nigeria, officially addressed as the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the most populous country on the African continent. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, Niger in the north, and borders the Gulf of Guinea with the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe and Equatorial Guinea in the south. Explore Nigeria Using Google Earth: Latitude: 10º00´ North of the Equator. The rest of the year is hot and dry with temperatures climbing as high as 40 °C (104.0 °F) . Nigeria, officially known as the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country that is located on the western coast of Africa. However, the state contains the largest urban area in Nigeria, the City of Lagos. The coastline include many sandy beaches that are interesting to … -South east : Presence of large market in this region boosts the rate of development there. A significant Shia minority exists (see Shia in Nigeria). The sun is overhead throughout west Africa and over Nigeria during this period of the sun's northward migration to the tropic of cancer in the northern hemisphere. Map of Nigeria Showing the 36 States During the dominance of the Tropical Maritime Airmass (MT) in the rainy season of Nigeria, mornings are bright and sunny, the sun's heating of the land in the mornings and afternoons sets up convectional currents, these currents rise vertically and cumulonimbus clouds are formed, by afternoons to evenings, torrential downpour follows. This break is broken by the short rainy season starting around early September and lasting to mid October with a peak period at the end of September. Abuja was Nigeria’s first planned city, its location chosen in part for its centrality, pleasant climate, and low population density and the availability of land for future expansion. These include Libya, Chad, and Nigeria to the northeast, east, and south, respectively. Its neighbors are Benin, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad. , Some of the forest zone's most southerly portion, especially around the Niger River and Cross River deltas, is mangrove swamp (see Central African mangroves). The Hausa-Fulani were dominant in the north, the Yoruba in the west and the Igbo in the east. Nigeria has more than 200 miles of coastal waters that stretch out into the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria is a country in West Africa. But with the withdrawal of this wind around March to April following the onset of the rainy season, temperatures can go as high as 44 °C (111.2 °F) in some parts of Nigeria.. ... References. Nigerian economic, political, and educational resources are often shared across the zones. This climate is influenced by the monsoons originating from the South Atlantic ocean, which is brought into the country by the (maritime tropical) MT airmass, a warm moist sea to land seasonal wind. This low pressure zone attracts the Tropical Maritime Airmass (MT) from the south Atlantic Ocean since areas of low pressures experiences inward blowing winds because winds are moving air blowing outwards from regions of high pressure to regions of low pressure. The capital of Biafra was Enugu in the southeast while the northern capital was Kaduna. The Niger Delta is located in the southern part of Nigeria. Nigeria, country located on the western coast of Africa. The southern part of Nigeria experiences heavy and abundant rainfall. It is one of the world's largest arcuate fan-shaped river deltas. In the southeast, it also shares a border with the breakaway state of Ambazonia. Nigeria shares land borders with the Republic of Benin in the west, Chad and Cameroon in the east, and Niger in the north. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. 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