New Jersey tea is also a host plant for the caterpillars of the spring azure, summer azure, and mottled duskwing (a type of skipper), as well as a few moth species. The New Jersey tea plant (Ceanothus americanus) is native to the continent, though not just to New Jersey. Clusters of tiny, apetulous, aromatic, greenish-yellow flowers bloom along the branches in early spring before the foliage emerges. This tidy, charismatically blooming shrub blooms in midsummer, attracting bees and butterflies; it grows best in sandy or rocky, well-draining sites, and will suffer with too much moisture or soil compaction. This milkweed grows best in full sun and average to well-drained soil with no irrigation and will tolerate extreme conditions. Coneflower Perennial (N) Botanical Name Common Name Type of Plant Eupatorium spp. During the American Revolution, people growing New Jersey tea plants used the dried leaves as a caffeine-free tea substitute. What is a New Jersey tea plant’s relationship to tea? Plant two to three feet apart to create a low growing, drought tolerant hedge. Description of Values. Dismiss. How to grow New Jersey Tea. New Jersey Tea is attractive to hummingbirds, which eat the tiny insects that pollinate the flowers. Young woody stems are often short-pubescent, but they become glabrous with age. Since different plant species attract different butterflies, you need to choose the right host plants for the survival of caterpillars. The light green stems are glabrous and bluntly 4-angled, but they are not conspicuously winged. What is a New Jersey tea plant? The flowering plants make lovely shrub borders even if you aren’t partial to the tea they produce. The luxuriant glossy leaves and bright white flowers make this durable shrub a real winner. Dioecious (male and female flowers on separate plants), with the male flowers being larger and showier than the female ones. New Jersey tea, New Jersey redroot New Jersey tea is so named for its historic value to colonists as an alternative to traditional black tea. Southern Weed Science Society. Ovate, toothed, glossy dark green leaves (to 4″ long). It grows in the wild in prairies, glades and thickets in the eastern and central parts of the United States. The plant’s value to wildlife continues even after the flowers have quit blooming. https://www.facebook.com/groups/plantsalegroup/permalink/10157064001176764/ Dense foliage and white flowers June–July, followed by flat-topped seed clusters. Grows in thickets and woodland borders, highly drought resistant. Flowers are white to greenish white and attract many insects including butterflies and bees. Ceanothus Americanus New Jersey Tea, Wild Snowball PFAF Plant Database Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. A land of diverse geologies and forest structure, a state where fire and stone bring forth the abundant white blooms of Ceanothus americanus and many others besides. Get the Latest Buzz Larval Host Plants for Butterflies and Moths Use plants that are appropriate to your landscape conditions, emphasizing plants that are native to your region. Turkey and quail will commonly eat the seeds. At the base of the petioles, lanceolate stipules are sometimes found. Drupes are very attractive, but are largely hidden by the foliage until the leaves drop. Flowers are followed by long, narrow seed pods (3-4” long) which split open when ripe releasing silky tailed seeds for dispersal by wind. Ideally, start growing New Jersey tea in sandy loams or rocky soils with good drainage. This plant can reach up to 3' tall with a 2' spread. The petioles are ¼-½” in length and short-pubescent. Larval host for hermit sphinx moth, gray marvel moth June-September rub New Jersey tea/redroot It is best planted in gardens located within USDA Zones 4 to 8, and it bears clusters of white flowers at the start of summer. Other articles where New Jersey tea is discussed: Ceanothus: Ceanothus americanus, commonly called New Jersey tea, occurs from Canada to Florida. New Jersey tea is also a host plant for the caterpillars of the spring azure, summer azure, and mottled duskwing (a type of skipper), as well as a few moth species. The dried leaves of New Jersey Tea were used as a tea substitute during the Revolutionary War. A rounded deciduous shrub growing to 4 feet tall and wide, New Jersey tea produces scads of white flower clusters in early summer that attract hummingbirds, butterflies and numerous native bees. Clusters of tiny, apetulous, aromatic, greenish-yellow flowers bloom along … FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Ceanothus americanus is an upright mounding shrubby perennial with fine textured gray-green leaves. Grows best in light, rich, evenly moist, well-drained soil in full sun. Evaluate the need to introduce uncommon elements such as New Jersey tea to Ossipee pine barrens. Although widespread in eastern North America, this native plant is only known to exist in the wild in Missouri on wooded slopes along the Salt River in Shelby County. Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea. Joe-Pye-Weed, Boneset, Mistflower Perennial … A dense and compact bush, the New Jersey tea plant will usually stay shorter than you are, typically growing to 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m.) tall and equally wide. This deciduous shrub is native to North America. Tropical Milkweed, also known as Blood flower, is a tender evergreen perennial in the dogbane and milkweed family. Thick, oblong-obovate, light green leaves (to 5″ long) turn an attractive yellow in autumn. This plant can be used in herbal medicine and as a dye. Young, yellow twigs add color to the winter landscape. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a semi-woody plant of sandplains and occasionally rocky outcroppings. Non-fragrant white flowers in flat-topped corymbs (to 4″ diameter) appear in late spring. Even committed tea drinkers may not have heard of this shrub. Bees and butterflies frequent New Jersey Tea, and the twigs are fed on by rabbits and deer. New Jersey tea is a plant for that full-sun area of your yard where nothing seems to grow well without constant watering and fertilizer. The plant’s value to wildlife continues even after the flowers have quit blooming. The plants are browsed by white-tailed deer. Flowers give way to blue-black, berry-like drupes which are quite attractive to birds and wildlife. A deciduous shrub that grows just 3′ tall, the dried leaves of New Jersey Tea make a flavorful tea that was popular during the Revolutionary War. Created on: 25 Apr 2020; Updated on: 09 Jun 2020 As with other Ceanothus shrubs, they attract hummingbirds, butterflies and birds. The larva (caterpillar) of the spicebush swallowtail butterfly feeds on the leaves of this shrub.Lindera is named for the Swedish botanist, Johann Lindler. Dogwood Shrub Dalea purpurea Purple Clover Weed/Wild Echinacea spp. This is a lovely, and very long lived shrub of the prairie. Several moth species utilize it as a larval host plant. It has lovely green foliage and grows upright to a maximum of 3 feet tall. In Missouri this species is mostly restricted to the western part of the state where it is relatively uncommon. Asclepias syriaca Common Milkweed is the plant most people think of when they hear the word ‘milkweed’. Ceanothus americanus, commonly called New Jersey tea, is a compact, dense, rounded shrub which typically grows 2-3' tall (less frequently to 4'). Of all the milkweeds this is the easiest and fastest to establish, yet it is known to be invasive and must be used with care. Plant the adaptable native New Jersey tea for its landscape and pollinator appeal. Leaf bases are round to slightly cordate, while their tips are slender and pointed. Will tolerate light shade and some soil dryness. New Jersey Tea is excellent as a shrub border and a is a fabulous addition for native plant gardens. Species and bloom time may vary based on region. Showy red-orange flowers bloom late spring through late autumn except in USDA Zones 9-11 where it is winter hardy. Spicebush is a deciduous shrub with a broad, rounded habit which typically grows 6-12′ (less frequently to 15′) high in moist locations in bottomlands, woods, ravines, valleys and along streams. Plants grown without harmful pesticides and are safe for butterfly gardens. Creating a list of host plants is the first step towards planning a butterfly garden. It is listed as rare or threatened in some of its northeastern range. New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a deciduous shrub that is native to North America. In fact, New Jersey tea shrub care is minimal. Tiny, creamy white flowers appear on stalks in spring, hanging in fragrant clusters. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. All of our plants are grown without the use of harmful pesticides and are safe for developing larvae. It has lovely green foliage and grows upright to a maximum of 3 feet tall. The deep purple flower spikes rise above the silver-gray foliage to create a striking bloom display in June. Kim Eierman Founder of EcoBeneficial! Native to North America. Do you want more New Jersey tea information? Grown in one quart pot with approximately 6” of top growth. Asclepias verticillata Whorled Milkweed is a Michigan Native and one of the most broadly distributed of all milkweeds in the United States . Tiny, creamy white flowers appear on stalks in spring, hanging in fragrant clusters. Turkey and quail will commonly eat the seeds. New Jersey Tea is a host plant for butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars), including Spring Azure (Celastrina “ladon”), Mottled Duskywing (Erynnis martialis), and Summer Azure (Celastrina neglecta). This Michigan native occurs throughout most of the United States and thrives in almost any well drained soil and produces a profusion of fragrant mauve colored flowers in midsummer. This small-scale shrub grows 3 to 4 feet tall and a bit wider. Interesting story (on Facebook) about New Jersey tea as a host plant for Summer Azure caterpillars. They also fix atmospheric nitrogen. The white flower poms are attractive to butterflies, hummingbirds and pollinators. Best in sandy loams or rocky soils with good drainage. The leaves are sessile or they clasp the stems; petioles are absent. While the flowers are remarkable on their own, New Jersey tea is a nectar source and a caterpillar and larva host, attracting an array of beautiful butterflies. New Jersey Tea, Ceanothus americanus. The plant grows about 1 m (3 feet) tall and has deciduous, rather oval leaves. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. It is the host plant for three butterflies — spring and summer azures and mottled duskywings. Read on for tips on how to grow a New Jersey tea shrub. Host Plant – Eastern Tailed Blue / Spring Azure / Summer Azure. Common names include New Jersey tea, Jersey tea ceanothus, variations of red root (red-root; redroot), mountain sweet (mountain-sweet; mountainsweet), and wild snowball. You should have a mixture of host plants and nectar-rich flowering plants if you want to increase the variety of butterflies in your landscape. 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The right host plant is a matter of life or death for a caterpillar — if you pluck one off a parsley plant and place it on, say, an aster, it’ll starve to death. Host plant for Spring and Summer Azure and Eastern Tailed Blue butterflies. The margins are often revolute (curved downward) as well. This extremely adaptable species can withstand inhospitable conditions because of massive, deep roots. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Plants can be poisonous to livestock. You will find New Jersey tea thriving in full sun to shade in sandy woods, dry prairies, rocky hillsides, mixed deciduous forests and of course landscapes. Created by Williamsburg Botanical Garden Trees and Shrubs. You can easily grow them in well-drained soils in either full sun or part shade. The very deep taproot allows this plant to be very drought tolerant. Prune immediately after flowering since flower buds form in summer for the following year. It likes dry sandy, clayey or rocky soil in sun or part shade and can be found growing in a variety of environments from hill prairies to woodland openings. New Jersey Tea (Ceonothus americanus) plant is excellent for attracting hummingbirds. The leaves are dark green above, hairy gray below, with toothed edges. The sweet scented flowers attract hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, and other pollinators and beneficial insects. Arrowwood viburnum is an upright, rounded, multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub which typically matures to 6-10′ tall with a similar spread, but may reach a height of 15′ in optimum growing conditions. The roots and leaves of New Jersey Tea have been used in herbal medicine where it goes by the common names of Red Root or Red Shank. New shoots are light green and short-pubescent. Hummingbirds, butterflies and bees are attracted to the flowers. The white flowers grow in a flat-topped cluster. CHECK AVAILABILITY. Meanwhile, several moths and butterflies use the foliage as their host plant. Host plant for monarch June-August Wild bergamot/ beebalm (Monarda fistulosa) Pink/lavender flowers, grows 2 to 4 feet tall. Leaves are aromatic when crushed. Sign up for our newsletter. It is native to Missouri where it occurs in prairies, glades, dry open woods and thickets throughout the state (Steyermark). Flowers of female plants give way to bright red drupes (to 1/2″ long) which mature in fall and are attractive to birds. Monarch butterflies lay eggs on this plant and the resulting larvae (caterpillars) use the plant leaves as a food source. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) Spicebush (Lindera benzoin) NOTE: These lists include only butterfly host and nectar plants that are native to NJ and attract butterfly species that are typically found in the state of NJ. If you are wondering how to grow a New Jersey tea shrub, all you have to do is site the plant appropriately. USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA, RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV. Stems and leaves exude a milky sap when cut or bruised. It’s a compact bush with leaves used to make tea several hundred years ago. Woody stems are terete and variably colored – usually some shade of yellowish tan, brown, or gray. In summer, plants are adorned with many white rounded flower panicles. This perennial plant is 1-3′ tall, branching occasionally to frequently. New Jersey tea (Ceanothus americanus) is a beautiful native flowering shrub rarely seen in the U.S. East, but it’s a valuable landscaping plant because it stays low without pruning and thrives in dry, lean or rocky soils. Previously, I introduced you to New Jersey Tea as a worthy addition to a hummingbird garden, among other possibilities. That’s because New Jersey tea shrubs are low maintenance plants that tolerate drought and thrive in dry soil, shallow soil and rocky soil. A dense and compact bush, the New Jersey tea plant will usually stay shorter than you are, typically growing to 2 to 3 feet (.6-.9 m.) tall and equally wide. Plant two to three feet apart to create a low-growing, drought-tolerant native hedge. This shrub is 2-8′ tall, often branching near the base and toward the tips of older stems. Native Americans reportedly used the straight stems of this shrub for arrow shafts, hence the common name. As with other Ceanothus shrubs, they attract hummingbirds, butterflies and birds. Thick, woody, red roots go deep and help plant withstand droughty conditions, but make established shrubs difficult to transplant. It is deer and rabbit-resistant. Orders will begin to ship in May - June 2020. Host plant for Spring and Summer Azure and Eastern Tailed Blue butterflies. The clusters of white flowers bloom in the spring and are close to 2 inches long on the ends of the branches. During the American Revolutionary War, its leaves were used as a tea substitute. hardy once established, can reseed. It is also effective as a shrubby ground cover for hard-to-grow areas such as dry rocky slopes and banks. Variable fall color ranges from drab yellow to attractive shades of orange and red. The upper surface of the leaf blades is medium green or grayish green and glabrous to sparsely short-pubescent, while the lower surface (for this variety of Prairie Willow) is short-pubescent and sometimes whitened. Host Plant: Woody shrubs and occasionally herbs including dogwood, New Jersey tea, meadowsweet, and Collinsia Nectar Source: Dogwood, dogbane, privet, New Jersey tea, … Now, here’s a list of several possible growing companions, organized by site conditions. Ceanothus americanus is a species of shrub native to North America. New Jersey tea. The reference sources listed below were used to discern the geographic range and Ceanothus Flowers: Tips On Caring For Ceanothus Soapbush, Autumn Revolution Bittersweet Info: Learn About American Autumn Revolution Care. With two exceptions, both noted, all of the plants mentioned have similar native ranges to the New Jersey Tea. Remember that plant diversity is crucial. Female plants need a male pollinator in order to set fruit, however. Spicebush is a deciduous shrub with a broad, rounded habit which typically grows 6-12′ (less frequently to 15′) high in moist locations in bottomlands, woods, ravines, valleys and along streams. They serve well as ground cover for difficult areas of your backyard since they don’t require much care. Although initial irrigation is necessary, once the plant is established, you won’t have to do much shrub care maintenance. Individual flowers develop from the leaf axils of the middle to upper stems. It is hardy in zones 4 to 9 and prefers light well-drained soils. It has a much longer flowering period than the perennial milkweeds that are winter hardy in Michigan. Plant seeds in the fall. It is the key host to the New Jersey Tea Inchworm (Apodrepanulatrix liberaria), an Endangered species of Lepidoptera in Massachusetts. These flowers are about 1″ long, and they have two-lipped corollas that are usually pale blue-violet (less often pink or white). Redbud Tree Coreopsis lanceolata Lanceleaf Coreopsis Perennial (N) Cornus spp. If New Jersey could have its New Jersey Tea restored, in the process New Jersey itself might return to its full, place-based character and identity. According to New Jersey tea information, new twigs grow in yellow and are attractive in winter. Alternate leaves occur along young stems and shoots. The opposite leaves are up to 4″ long and 1″ across; they are light to medium green, lanceolate or elliptic-oblanceolate in shape, glabrous, and serrated to sparingly serrated along their margins. That’s because the plants aren’t related. Return to Plant Search Home. The foliage is serrate and reticulate with the veins marked by shallow grooves. Ceanothus americanus New Jersey Tea. A deciduous shrub that grows just 3′ tall, the dried leaves of New Jersey Tea make a flavorful tea that was popular during the Revolutionary War. Consider wearing gloves when working with these plants because the milky sap is poisonous if ingested and can be toxic to human skin. Ceanothus herbaceus, commonly known as inland New Jersey tea or prairie redroot, is a small, upright, deciduous shrub native to glades, rocky prairie slopes, and sandy, loess hills in the central United States. New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus) features glossy leaves, numerous bright white flowers and a mounding shape that make this compact shrub a popular garden member. New Jersey tea General Information; Symbol: CEAM Group: Dicot Family: Rhamnaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub Subshrub ... Forest plants of the southeast and their wildlife uses. New Jersey tea did get its common name because its leaves were used for tea … Host plant for the Spring Azure butterfly. The leaf blades are 1¾-4″ long and ¼-¾” across; they are narrowly lanceolate, oblanceolate, or oblong-elliptic in shape and smooth to slightly crenate along their margins. United States evaluate the need to choose the right host plants for the following year and. Berry-Like drupes which are quite attractive to butterflies, hummingbirds and pollinators and. Or white ) is an upright mounding shrubby perennial with fine textured gray-green.... 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