military causes. Syllabus, JEE Main Rank The low salaries of the Indian soldiers, recruitment of soldiers of all castes, deprivation of the faculty of postage free letters, the passing of General Service Enlistment Act 1856 etc., created discontent among the soldiers. MCQs, Public Optional Booklist, UPSC They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. People during this time were suffering on all the fronts economic, political, societal, etc. The introduction of the Enfield rifle, the use of the fat of pig and cow in greasing its cartridges and the insistence of the English on using them by the soldiers led to the outbreak of the revolt in May 1857. Dr. Ishwari Prasad, Dr. Tara Chand and several other historians have opined that the 1857 revolt was an organised one but Dr. S.N. Preparation Strategy, Monthly Current The causes of war of Independence 1857 are; Political causes Religious causes, Social causes, Military causes and Economic causes . And this British move to dethrone them angered the Indian people. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. Policy of Expansion: After the Battle of Plassey, the British began to conquer Indian territories rapidly.They conquered Indian territories by fighting wars, by implementing the Doctrine of Lapse, by forcing kingdoms to sign the Subsidiary Alliance system and on the pretext of alleged mismanagement of the states by Indian kings. Answer: Many Indian kings lost their kingdoms due to the Doctrine of Lapse. The causes of the War of Independence were political, economic, religious, social and military. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. This event is known by different names such as, “the Sepoy Mutiny”, “The Indian rebellion” and the “First war of Indian Independence”. There are many causes for this war which are: Political As British extended their control they introduced many ways of grabbing land like the use of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie was very unpopular. In India and Pakistan it has been termed as the "War of Independence of 1857" or "First War of Indian Independence" but ... Metcalf says Stokes undermines the assumption that 1857 was a response to general causes emanating from entire classes of people. STUDY. Engineers Career Group, Current (SSC/Banking), Rahul Agnihotri The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Instead, Stokes argues that 1) those Indians who suffered the greatest relative deprivation rebelled and that 2) the decisive factor in precipitating a … Lack of Leadership and Discipline: The freedom fighters fought mostly in independent groups at different places led by leaders of their particular regions.There was no leader who could single handed lead all the groups. Details, IES Answer Key Religion 5. AIIMS, IIT, IIM Alumni and aims to revolutionize test preparation They feared that, sooner OF later, their kingdoms would be snatched away from them by the British. Prelims Both scholars have agreed on many facts, e.g., the 1857 revolt was not organised, it had no national character, etc. Current Affairs Quiz, IAS Not only was the dethronement of the Nawab distasteful to them but they also felt aggrieved because many among them indirectly lost certain privileges as their relatives were deprived of the patronage of the Nawab. Syllabus, KPSC Details, SSC CGL Exam Many of them distrusted the British rule and many others could not tolerate the disrespect of their rulers and the members of their families at the hands of the foreigners. Course, Pavan Kumar - For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. Answer Key, Previous Engineers Zone, Mitrapal - Mitra's Ranjan's IAS, Praveen Causes of the First War of Independence , 1857 There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. with whom the people had direct contacts and they drew certain advantages as well. Affairs, Practice On the contrary, Dr. Majumdar says that as the revolt was limited only to a part of India, several native rulers supported the English, large number of Indian soldiers including the Sikhs and the Gurakhas remained loyal to the English, a large majority of the Indian people did not like it, the relations of the Hindus and the Muslims did not remain cordial and the mutineers mostly fought for their respective selfish interests, it was “neighter first, nor national, nor a war of indepedence.”. Course, Fresher - Class This was against the policy of equality before law which the Britishers professed. The coalition forces lead by Maratha and Mughal Empires and all other kingdoms were defeated by the British East India Company with the help of 21 princely states that were loyal to them. Why was the War of Independence 1857 hailed as the First War of Independence ? These soldiers were enraged when Awadh was annexed to the British Empire on the grounds of maladministration by Nawab Wajid Ali. The British created monopoly on trade in their favour. Indian Mutiny, also called Sepoy Mutiny or First War of Independence, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion against British rule in India in 1857–59. The English East India company got strongly implanted in the Sub-Continent after its historic victory over Nawab of Bengal in the Battle of Plassey fought in 1757. 1. Land levies left no savings with the cultivators so they were not able to invest in the advancement of agriculture. Electrical Prep Strategy, GATE But should we accept their view? Writing Practice for UPSC Mains, IAS Toppers Harshavardhana – His life, Achievements and Connection with Buddhism, A Brief Note on Indian Independence Act of 1947 and its Provisions, Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization : Salient Features, Brief Note on First Anglo-Maratha War (1775–1782), Major significance of the Permanent Settlement of 1793, मध्यकालीन इतिहास के लिए :–मध्यकालीन भारत: रणनीति, समाज और संस्कृति, प्राचीन एवं पूर्व मध्यकालीन भारतीय इतिहास, Lucent’S Samanya Vigyan (General Science In Hindi), भारत की राजव्यवस्था – By M. Laxmi Kanth. That’s why they introduced systems like Doctrine of Lapse by which Indian states could be taken over by the Company in case there was no male heir to … XII NEET It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. - Recruitment Notification, TPSC Political: Nana Sahib was refused pension, as he was the adopted son of pesewa Baji Rao II. The morale of the English soldiers was also at low ebb because of the odds which the British had faced in the Crimean War in Europe. immediate cause of the revolt. Absentee sovreignty of the British. (OR) How did the political factors lead to the first war of Indian independence? XII NEET Pattern, IES Officer As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. but no Indian. The British occasionally showed disrespect to the Mughal emperor, Bahadur Shah. 1. The most affected part of administration was revenue under which the peasants and the Zamindars were deprived of their special privileges. - Recruitment Notification, NPSC OUTRIGHT WARS To expand their territorial power and safeguard their economic and political interests the British wages wars like Battle of Plassey (1757), Anglo Mysore wars, Anglo Maratha wars and … consequences of the revolt . The Moghul sultans, the Nawab of Oudh and other kings were tripped … Military and Immediate Causes: Besides the above political and administrative, economic, social and religious grievances, another major cause was the unrest of the sepoys in the army of the British. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded soldiers and tenants were enraged with the British. Kishore - Nice IAS, Aditya Tiwari - In comparison to the previous uprisings of the Indians, the … Academy, Engineering Career What enraged the people was how British land revenue settlements had dispossessed landholders, both big and small, and foreign commerce had driven artisans and weavers to ruin. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . The British utilized their political power for exploiting the economic resources and wealth of India for the benefit of Britain. to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips Causes and result of the first indepedence war. The coalition forces lead by Maratha and Mughal Empires and all other kingdoms were defeated by the British East India Company with the help of 21 princely states that were loyal to them. The Religious Disabilities Act of 1856 also decided that none would be deprived of his hereditary property on the ground of changing his religion. The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. Military and 6. digit mobile number, UPSC Exam The Revolt of 1857 was an unsuccessful but heroic effort to eliminate foreign rule. Toppers Answer Booklets, How This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. Test. The mistreatment of Mughal Emperor was also … All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court. This war was not triggered by a single reason, but multiple factors played their role. This was, of course, short-lived but the attempts show that the rebel leadership wanted to restore the pre-British world of the eighteenth century. [The events, however, need to be mentioned in order to maintain continuity and for a more comprehensive understanding.] Anger was brewing against British rule, among different sections of society due to its oppressive nature, and for the fact that it destroyed Indian way of life. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Prelims Result, UPSC Mains Tutorial, GATE Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. According to the General Service Enlistment Act of 1856, Indian soldiers could be posted anywhere overseas in the British Empire. The land revenue policies of the British were detrimental to the farmers. The right of succession was not only denied to many Hindu princes but also to the once mighty Mughals. Prelims Answer key, APPSC Tags : PDF for UPSC exam short notes on 1857 revolt causes. PSC Exam Pattern, Sikkim PSC - Recruitment Notification, Mizoram Economic cause of First War Of Indian incandescence 1857 A.D. :- Thanks to the economic revolution in England, Indian handicrafts and cottage industries suffered heavily. Admit Card, SSC Policy of Expansion: After the Battle of Plassey, the British began to conquer Indian territories rapidly.They conquered Indian territories by fighting wars, by implementing the Doctrine of Lapse, by forcing kingdoms to sign the Subsidiary Alliance system and on the pretext of alleged mismanagement of the states by Indian kings. How did the british expand their … गदर आजादी की पहली लड़ाई Revolt of 1857 mutiny magal pandey first war of Independence doctrine of lapse 1857 का स्वतंत्रता संग्राम gk update News gk update News in Hindi Latest gk update News gk update Headlines GK अपडेट Samachar. Under these circumstances, the Indian soldiers felt that if they stuck at the opportune time they had quite good chances to turn out the British from India. The British introduced new Enfield rifles. Recruitment Notification, TNPSC - Exam They did not pose a serious challenge to the British. Enter The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. They soon began to consolidate their power through annexation and alliances etc. In those days there was no conception of India as a country. Syllabus and Exam Pattern, PPSC PSC, Uttar Pradesh The Indian soldiers felt that the British were deliberately trying to spoil their religion. The Hindus and the Muslims were not inspired to fight against the foreigners but to protect their respective regions. Prelims Booklist, UPSC Exam Notification, UPSC Success Point IAS Academy, Ankit Bansal - economic causes. Answer Key, KPSC Heavy dufies were imposed on the Indian textile and goods imported to Britain … Syllabus, UPSC “The revolt of 1857 was anything but a war of indepedence.” Discuss. Pass JEE Main + Advanced Eligibility, GATE Admit War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. Causes of Failure of the Revolt of 1857. PCS, APPSC disrepect shown to the mughal emperor. Online Application Form, GATE Soon after the break out of the revolt, Bahadur Shah, the last Mughal emperor, was made the symbolic head of the Great revolt and Delhi became its centre. Class XII JEE Main + Advanced They feared that the English were attempting to convert them all to Christianity. War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. Pakistan Studies; Causes of Failure of 1857 Indian War of Independence On April 27, 1857, eighty-five soldiers of a Bengal regiment of British East India Company, posted in Meerut, disobeyed the command of their senior British officer, to use the new cartridges for newly introduced Enfield rifles, allegedly encased in cow and pig grease. Thus traditional handicrafts suffered. So many local administration personnel became unemployed and so turned against the British. PSC - Recruitment Notification, Meghalaya Social. Causes for the first War of Indian Independence 1857 A.D Political cause:-Many kingdom lost their rights thanks to the promulgation of Doctrine of Lapse caused by British . The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. Cow was sacred to Hindus and pig was prohibited for Muslims. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . lt dissatisfied the educated Indians who expected to pet gainful employment in the service of the Company. First War of Independence The revolt of 1857 was basically the outcome of the policy of exploitation and suppression adopted by the Britishers. Causes of Revolt. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. Details, Madhya Pradesh Optional by Venkata Mohan, Venkata Mohan - and kashmir KAS, General Dalhousie cancelled the princely titles of the Nawabs of Tanjore and Carnatic kingdoms. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. PSC, IES Exam To operate these rifles the cover of the cartridges had to be torn with the teeth to load the cartridge into the rifle. Details, CSIR UGC Exam The trade interests of the British resulted in the destruction of the cottage industries of India while their revenue policy reduced its agricultural production. IAS, Salamudin The East India Company followed a policy of exploiting India economically. The British considered that they belonged to a superior race and used to humiliate the Indians. Political Causes; The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, etc. Pass JEE Main + Advanced There were many causes of the War of Independence of 1857. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. Studies Foundation Course by Lukmaan IAS, Geography People during this time were suffering on all the fronts economic, political, societal, etc. No part of this website contents may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without prior permission of Sansar Lochan, NCERT और NIOS की किताबों को खरीदें या उन्हें PDF के रूप में डाउनलोड करने के लिए क्लिक करें >, Causes of The First War of Indian Independence - 1857 Revolt, “Causes of The First War of Indian Independence – 1857 Revolt”. It also affected large parts of North and Central India. In the army, the highest post which an Indian could get was that of a Subedar while the highest post in the civil services for which an Indian could qualify was that of a Sadar Amin. Therefore, the system had not only created a section of dissatisfied people who wielded influence on the masses but also had created dissatisfaction among a large segment of the people themselves. Prepare for Answer: The two economic factors which became the cause of the First War of Independence were: (i) The British trade policy in India led to the ruin of Indian trade and handicrafts. Answer Booklets, History The British system had abolished several intermediaries like Jagirdars, Taluqdars etc. How far is it correct to say that revolt of 1857 was the first war of Indian indepdence? In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. Therefore the Indian soldiers refused to use the rifles. Online Application Form, IES Exam They converted India into a supplier of raw materials and a market for their finished goods. Your email address will not be published. The British rule was formally established after the battle of Plassey in 1757 in Bengal. Optional by Alok Ranjan, GATE Mysore, other powers e.g. Science, Instrumental Under this spurious doctrine, he annexed Satara, Sambalpur, Jhansi and Nagpur etc. off, Current Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . They can be divided into political, religious, military, economic and social causes. WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857 In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. They were intolerant towards Hinduism and Islam and openly critical of these religions. © Copyright by Sansar Lochan, India | All Rights Reserved. 1. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. Furthermore, this political power was exercised to the full extent for commercial advantage. Syllabus, Sikkim This was against their religious belief. Anjali_Gurajapu. The abolition of the Company’s monopoly of trade with India in 1813 and the acceptance of the policy of free trade by the government of India in 1833 aggravated further the exploitation of India by Britain which had started producing machine made goods particularly the cotton textiles. Economic Causes 2. The Revolt of 1857 was considered to be India's first "war of independence" and resulted in the dissolution of the East India Company in 1858. Mechanical Prep Strategy, IES First war of independence, 1857. The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. Exam Paper, IES This paper. The company s policy of greed and aggrandisement created contempt in the mind of people for the company s rule which was further worsened due to aloofness of the British towards sensitivities of the Indian society. Majumdar have refused to accept their view. Many were affected by policies. Prior to 1813, the British Government had not permitted the Missionaries to enter into India. Learn how your comment data is processed. It certainly antagonised the Indians. Predictor, JEE Main Previous Thank you for the information. First War of Independence 1857. - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, TNPSC - The Indian Muslims had always felt themselves involved with the honour of the Mughal emperor. They, therefore, looked down upon them socially. Write. Gravity. It was supported by liberal Hindus as well. The discontent and disaffection of Indians ultimately manifested in the form of the Great Rebellion of 1857. Affairs, Current Policy of expansion 2. Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to pick up arms against British. These people harboured resentment against British rule and became active participants in the Revolt of 1857. Consequently, thousands of soldiers who were hooked in to these kings, became unemployed. Causes of the Revolt: Political Causes: Certainly, certain measures of the Englishmen particularly, the activities of the Christian Missionaries provided grounds for their apprehension. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. Therefore, it can be assumed that the native rulers, in turn, might have desired to uproot the British rule in India. Course, Fresher - Class Answer Key, GPSC PSC - Exam Pattern and Syllabus, Meghalaya This war of Independence marked the end of rule by the British East India company. causes of the revolt. This war is called war of Independence. Calendar, UPSC The immediate cause of 1857 was provided by the revolt of soldiers. They utilized the sources and wealth of India for their own ends. De Facto IAS, Pankaj Singh - Course, Target - XII There was a rumour that the cartridges were smeared with the fat of cow and pig. Toppers 25, Er. Exam Pattern, SSC CGL Once British rule had collapsed, the rebels in places like Delhi, Lucknow and Kanpur tried to establish some kind of structure of authority and administration. WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 1857. Sansar LochanMarch 7, 2020History of India3 Comments. Salary, IES - ESE First War of Independence. Causes of the War. social, economic, administrative, military etc., the political grievances against the British Raj played the most important role in an outbreak of 1857 revolt. It has been described as the “Mutiny of the Sepoys” a “religious war against the Christians”, a “war between the black and white races”, etc., but mostly these views have been rejected. the first war of independence  causes of the revolt. In 1856, Lord Canning passed the General Service Enlistment Act which not only decreed that all future recruits in the Bengal army wherein service was hereditary would be liable to be deputed anywhere but also that all those who would be found unfit for service in a foreign country would not be given pension but a job in the cantonment. We are aware that the action of Mangal Pandey, a sepoy of Barrackpore near Calcutta on 29 March, 1857 led to the mutiny of sepoys in the beginning which precipitated the revolt of the people. (OR) How did the political factors lead to the first war of Indian independence? The Indians felt that by providing such education to boys and girls of immature age meant nothing except pollution of their minds. Indian soldiers in the British army were looked down upon by their English officers. The British historians called it “Sepoy Mutiny”, whereas the nationalists termed it as the “First war of Indian Independence”. One … • The British did not realize but many issues and dismays of the Indians were building up anger in them including the behavior of British towards them and unbiased policies. It was an extreme effort made by Indians, but they failed due to … Begun in Meerut by Indian troops in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. Improve functionality and performance, and military all sections of Indian artisans and.. Were annexed to the Indians alternate order of Tanjore and Carnatic kingdoms developed a strong hatred for revolt! No National character, etc was initiated to get justice from the British judges against atrocities! War was fought in 1857 British faced a serious challenge to the Mughal emperor, Shah. Indians disliked and distrusted the administration of the cottage industries of India for the revolt of.... 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Into political, economic causes first expression of organised resistance was the end result of the Rebellion. Combination of political unity political causes of first war of independence 1857 India, thousands of soldiers who were now about... Capture of Delhi, people joined it in large numbers invest in the 19th century a poor and country!