It was the first great struggle of the Indians for freedom from British imperialism. Important Abbreviations for Competitive Exams, Gandhi Jayanti Quiz – GK Questions on Mahatma Gandhi, Top Weekly Current Affairs for SSC, RRB, Bank, PSC 2020 September 21 to 27, World Animal Welfare Day – Quiz, History, Activities and Quotes, Download Entri & attempt free GK Quiz and ace exam preparations. So also the Act of 1816 which required the new recruits to travel overseas, if needed. The Company had upgraded to the new Pattern 1853 Enfield rifle, which used greased paper cartridges. The Revolt of 1857 is an important topic in almost every competitive exams. When Muslim and Hindu troops learned that the tip of the … The period after the revolt saw major changes in British policies and in the administrative set-up of India. But eventually everything took a toll  when the rebellion was contained by British East India Company by end of 1857 and beginning of 1858. Artisans and craftsmen were ruined by the large-scale influx of cheap British manufactured goods into India which, in turn, made their hand-made goods uneconomical to produce. Various reasons has led to the revolt. It is believed by many historians that Lord Dalhousie laid the foundations of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. 2. On 9 May 1857, they were severely punished for this. Government of India Act 1858 was passed, according to which the army, financial system, was reorganized and was administered directly by the British government in the new British Raj. The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. Before publishing your Article on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficien… A) Delhi ------------- … Many Indian Hindus were not happy with legal changes introduced by the British which led to prohibitions few Indian religious customs such as Abolition of Sati (1829), Hindu Widow Remarriage Act (1856). The Revolt of 1857 seemed to call the very presence of the British into question, What are the main causes for the Failure of the Revolt of 1857, Controlling in Management # Meaning, Definition, Types, Process, Steps and Techniques. People who made a living by following religious and cultural pursuits lost their source of livelihood due to the withdrawal of royal patronage caused by the displacement of the old ruling classes. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. The Revolt of 1857 convinced the British the futility of interfering in the traditional socio-religious customs of India. Peasants had to pay even higher revenue and additional taxes were imposed. Its cartridges were covered with a greased paper cover. The soldiers then set off for Delhi. The Indian sepoys were looked upon as inferior beings and treated with contempt by their British officers. Which British officer played prominent role in recapturing Kanpur and Lucknow? Political Causes 3. Since they worked against the interests of Indian trade and industry, Indian handicrafts completely collapsed and British trading policies destroyed the Indian cottage industry. REVOLT OF 1857 Causes of the revolt of 1857 These are broadly categorized into four parts: Political causes: LORD DALHOUSIE: A. Doctrine of lapse. 9. Who led the rebellion against the British at  Kanpur? The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. The first soldier to protest against using the greased cartridges was Mangal Pandey. They were also influenced by the general fear that their religion was in danger. The Revolt of 1857  was a major outbreak but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company. In order to open the cartridges and load the rifles, soldiers (known as sepoys) had to bite into the paper and tear it with their teeth. This greased cover had to be bitten off before the cartridge could be loaded into the rifle. Rani Lakshmi Bai and Nana Sahib became bitter enemies of the British and led to the revolt in their respective territories. The rebellion against colonialisation of British East India Company, began on 10th  May, 1857, in the form of a mutiny by sepoys of the Company’s army in the garrison town of Meerut and this led to further mutinies by civilian rebellions in other parts of India mainly in upper Gangetic plain and central India. A group of historians and writers has asserted that the Revolt was the result of a widespread and well-organized conspiracy. The vigorous application of the policies of Subsidiary Alliance and Doctrine of Lapse angered the ruling sections of the society. The administration did nothing to mitigate these fears and Hindu and Muslim sepoys felt their religion was in grave … What was the immediate cause of the Revolt of 1857? But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. All avenues of the promotion were closed to them as all the higher army posts were reserved for the British. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. The social discrimination faced by the Indians due to the British attitude of racial superiority also led to much resentment. Enter your email address and spin the wheel. That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. Immediate causes. The Hindu sepoys resented this as according to the popular Hindu belief, travel across the sea led to a loss of caste. Entri wishes you all the best for your upcoming exams. 5. Later in April sepoy troopers at Meerut refused the Enfield cartridges, and, as punishment, they were given long prison terms, fettered, and put in jail. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. The annexation of Awadh, on grounds of misgovernment, was greatly resented. 3. Who was the first Martyr in the first Indian Independence war 1857? 7. Who was the British Military chief at the time of 1857 revolt? Wherein  the sepoys were Indian soldiers who were recruited into the Company’s army. The immediate cause of the Indian Revolt of 1857, or Sepoy Mutiny, was a seemingly minor change in the weapons used by the British East India Company's troops. 6. Who was Governor General of India during 1857 mutiny? Download Entri & get free Kerala PSC mock tests, The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… The sepoys were Indian soldiers who were recruited into the Company's army. This incident sparked off a general mutiny among the sepoys of Meerut. All the articles you read in this site are contributed by users like you, with a single vision to liberate knowledge. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. They were paid much less than the British soldiers. 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