History tells us that there were lots of tribes that moved in and out of the Iberian Peninsula during that time. Soon after being founded, the city became a launching point for exploration and conquest of Peru. If you have read this website before, you will know that it is my goal to teach my kids Spanish and the culture that comes with it. (0.084338633 seconds) The Dominican Republic is located on the island of Hispaniola in the Caribbean. The smallest country is Equatorial Guinea with a population of around 750,000. Modern-day Ecuador was populated by Amerindian groups that gradually became a part of the Inca Empire in the 15th century. These words are not capitalized in Spanish writing unless they appear as the first word in a sentence.Remember, the first word of any sentence—in English or in Spanish—is capitalized. People all around the world speak Spanish as their first language. In 1778, Spain gained control of Equatorial Guinea as their colony through the Treaty of El Pardo between Portugal and Spain. Lima is the capital city of Peru today. The Spanish passed on their language and parts of their culture. I am the owner and founder of Teach My Kids Spanish. ** learn the spanish-speaking countries & their capitals. Equatorial Guinea is named for its location because it is near the Gulf of Guinea and the Equator. Bolivia technically has two capital cities. Argentina Buenos Aires Bolivia La Paz Chile Santiago Columbia Bagotá Costa Rica San Jose Cuba Havana Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Ecuador Quito El I'm going to set them the task of coming up with their own! In 1821, Mexico became an independent nation-state following the Mexican War of Independence. Thank you! So, I researched the topic of the Spanish speaking countries in the world, along with their capital cities. In 1830, Ecuador broke away from Gran Colombia as a sovereign state. I created a set of interactive notebook activities to help students categorize the geographic regions of the countries and to learn capitals. Equatorial Guinea was discovered by Portgual in 1472. The capital city of Santiago was founded by the Spaniards in 1541. In 1811, Venezuela declared its independence from Spain. However, in 1819, Bogotá was re-installed as the capital of Colombia after the country declared its independence. Spanish as a Former Official Language. While they may be able to spout off a few countries that speak Spanish, can they locate them on a map? Guatemala gained independence from Spain in 1821 when it joined the Federal Republic of Central America. You can find the map template in Sra. It is bordered by Panama to the northwest, the Pacific Ocean to the west, Ecuador to the southwest, Peru to the south, Brazil to the southeast, Venezuela to the east, and the Caribbean Sea to the north. La ciudad de Panamá. Santafé became the capital of this region while it was a Spanish colony in 1717. Over the course of history, Spanish became the dominant language on the Iberian Peninsula. In 1898, following the Spanish-American War, Puerto Rico became a territory of the U.S. under the Treaty of Paris. There are 22 lines on the map each pointing at a Spanish speaking country. It was inhabited by the Ciboney Taino people beginning in the 4th millennium BC until it was colonized by the Spanish at the end of the 15th century. This year I pre-tested student knowledge of the topic by giving them a blank map and asking them to write in as many Spanish speaking countries, along with … It was moved to Ciudad Vieja in 1527 as a result of an attack on Villa de Santiago de Guatemala. Flags of Spanish Speaking Countries and Their History. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, Argentina to the east, Bolivia to the northeast, and Peru to the north. The capital city of Uruguay is Montevideo. Madrid dates back to the 9th century when Cordoba built the Royal Palace (Palacio Real). From there, the Spanish proceeded to conquer the Caribbean and then spread to the rest of the Americas. Worksheet – Location of Spanish-Speaking Countries – Students use a map to answer questions (in English) about the locations of the Spanish-speaking countries. © Island Teacher. Please help! Other than a couple of conflicts in the 19th and mid-20th centuries, the country has remained stable. In 1773-1774, several earthquakes destroyed Antigua and the King of Spain authorized moving the new capital to its current location of Guatemala City. (capitals in parenthesis) Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. However, I slowly started to realize that many languages were in flux during the early parts of history that saw the rise and fall of the Roman Empire in Europe, parts of Africa, and parts of Asia. We are compensated for referring traffic and business to Amazon and other companies linked to on this site. The Philippines was also a Spanish colony until the late 19th century. San Salvador. This is an online quiz called Spanish Speaking Countries and Their Capitals From the quiz author This game will help you memorize spanish speaking countries along with their capitals. There are two reference sheets, one in English and one in Spanish. In 1838, Nicaragua finally became an independent republic. Honduras. In 1847, Guatemala gained full independence and was its own sovereign nation. Jul 19, 2014 - This quiz/worksheet is great to give students a sense of how many countries speak Spanish around the world and to help them locate these countries on a world map. In 1821, El Salvador gained independence from Spain as part of the First Mexican Empire. The Spanish language spread so much throughout Mexico that it is the largest Spanish speaking country in the world today. Puerto Rico is another island located in the Caribbean. It was first to become democratic on 19 th March 1812. Following Argentina’s declaration and fight for independence, Buenos Aires continued to be the capital city of Argentina. I'm taking honors Spanish II and I have to know 15 Spanish speaking countries and their capitals. If you study Spanish in Mexico, you will learn some words which you will never hear in Spain. I often find that for whatever reason I tend to breeze through the topic of Spanish speaking countries and capitals. Spanish is spoken by approximately 572 million people and continues to grow. Bolivia began its pursuit of independence from Spain in 1809. Spanish is the official language in only two countries of Europe and Africa combined. Guatemala is part of Central America and it is bordered by Mexico to the north, Belize to the east, and Honduras and El Salvador to the south. Quito was founded by the Spanish in 1534 and declared as a city in 1541. Get started! It endured 16 years of war before the republic of Bolivia was established. In 1541, the capital was moved to Antigua due to flooding that was caused by heavy rains that collapsed a lagoon in a crater on Agua Volcano. The capital city of San Salvador was destroyed by earthquakes and volcanic eruptions in 1756 and 1854, and suffered massive damage in 1919, 1982, and 1986. In 1903, Panama seceded and gained its independence. It is bordered by Chile to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the south and east, Uruguay and Brazil to the northeast, and Bolivia and Paraguay to the north. Subjects: Spanish 1 are popular choices as well. Also, there are two other official languages of the country, which are French and Portuguese. Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina today. Spanish Speaking Countries & Capitals Students must label the Spanish Speaking countries and their capitals ID: 1456054 Language: Spanish School subject: World Language Grade/level: Grade 9-12 Age: 13-18 In 1492, Spain set out to discover a trade route to Asia to increase commerce. The Spanish conquest had a great effect on Mexico and its inhabitants. There are 21 Spanish speaking countries in the world. Scroll down to learn the Spanish-speaking countries & capitals (and some more cool videos.) Blog Design by RachBV Design. It was created to take advantage of Buenos Aires’ location on the Atlantic Coast and avoid extra months of transit for commerce headed to Lima, Peru. So, let’s explore how each country became Spanish speaking and the finer details of their capital cities. :)Emilie, First of all i want to say thank you for this wonderful blog. Nicaragua is the largest land-mass in Central America. The years listed above are only a handful of the many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions that have occurred in El Salvador throughout the years. From 1609 through 1821, a majority of the Central American territories were under Spanish rule, except for Belize, Panama, and the Mexican region of Chiapas. Below we dive into the nine countries of South America where Spanish still remains the official language, along with their capital cities. Guam was a Spanish colony until 1898 when it was ceded to the United States under the Treaty of Paris. This game is to help you learn the capital cities of the 21 Spanish-speaking countries using the sentence "The capital of X is ..." Choose the correct name of the capital city. The Spanish language and culture were adopted by the country. Spanish Interactive Notebooks: 7 Essentials to Get You Started! Ciudad de la Paz is currently under construction and is being built as the headquarters for the president, government, administration, police and military leadership. Again, the origins of Spain arrived with the Roman Empire around 210 BC. Later, the country was again under Spanish rule before they were finally ousted during the Dominican War of Restoration of 1863-1865. The city was founded by the Spanish in 1515 and was originally named San Cristobal de la Habana. I find that when students are asked where in the world Spanish is spoken I get the standard responses of "Spain!" As we previously discussed, in 1492, Christopher Columbus sailed from Spain to find trade routes to Asia with the intent of landing in Japan. All rights reserved. Finally, in 1847, Costa Rica formally declared independence as a sovereign nation. Nicaragua. Parts of South America were under Spanish control for roughly 300 years, which allowed the Spanish language and culture to be adopted. There are 21 Spanish-speaking countries in the world, and here is a list of those countries and their capitals: Argentina – Buenos Aires Bolivia – La Paz, Sucre Memorize these flashcards or create your own Guarani flashcards with Cram.com. The Spanish were the dominant force in Uruguay until it sought its independence in 1811. Cruz' TpT store. I hope you'll find some useful ideas! It is the second most spoken language in the world after Mandarin Chinese. Guam and the Philippines both spoke Spanish for roughly 300 years. I only have a couple of days because my class is going to take a test!! La Paz is the administrative capital and the seat of government. The Spanish conquistadors eventually pushed the Portuguese out of the region. Christopher Columbus is the first European to discover the island on December 5, 1492. The region was colonized by the Spanish in the 16th century. There was an error submitting your subscription. 12. The country was under Spanish control for nearly 300 years, which allowed the Spanish language and culture to be adopted by the country. What are 15 Spanish speaking countries and their capitals that are easy to remember? From there, I wrote a helpful blog post to share my findings. In 1821, Panama broke away from Spain and joined the Republic of Gran Colombia, which included modern-day Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela. Finally, the city has remained the capital of Venezuela to this day. Spanish-speaking Countries – Speaking Activity Cards A class activity gets students away from their desks, interacting and speaking with other students in Spanish. Guatemala City was founded in 1776. Managua. This has no meaning in any other county. Ecuador was under Spanish control for over 300 years and adopted the language and parts of the culture during that time. European Countries and Capitals I have been playing pub quizzes recently and it is definitely a good idea to know the capital cities of all the countries. Start studying Spanish-speaking countries and capitals. Countries and Capitals. The smallpox endemic allowed the Spanish to easily conquer the Aztec Empire and take control of Mexico. Spain is located on the Iberian Peninsula in the southwestern part of Europe. It occupies the eastern part of the island that it shares with Haiti. They were not all originally Spanish speaking countries. The country was under Spanish control for over 300 years and adopted the language and parts of the culture. Sucre has been the capital of Bolivia since 1825 when Bolivia gained independence from the Spaniards. El Salvador is located in the central region of Central America. Spanish conquistadors arrived in Paraguay in 1524 after traveling northwards up the Parana River and then into Paraguay through the Paraguay River. Beginning in 1606, Madrid has continuously been the capital city of Spain. Worksheet – Spanish-Speaking Countries – A blank notetaker for students to complete with the names of the Spanish-speaking countries and their capitals. Uruguay was originally inhabited by indigenous people. Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to: 1. identify countries where Spanish is the official language 2. outline general characteristics of the 21 countries where Spanish is the official language This year I pre-tested student knowledge of the topic by giving them a blank map and asking them to write in as many Spanish speaking countries, along with the capital, in the correct location on the map. It is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, the Pacific Ocean to the south, Colombia to the east, and the Caribbean Sea to the north. I combine it with some sort of country research project as well. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west, Honduras to the northeast, and Guatemala to the northwest. Costa Rica was a secondary colony of the Spanish Empire due to neighboring countries containing more natural resources, such as gold and silver, that the Spanish wished to use to fund their colonization efforts. This site is owned and operated by Christopher Collie. The language also spread to the Pacific islands of the Philippines, Palau, the Marinas, and Micronesia. This location was chosen due to its easy access and gentle climate. Puerto Rico was originally inhabited by the native Taino people. The Spanish Empire established the Viceroyalty of Peru, which was an arm of the Spanish colonies that contained modern-day Peru and most of South America. Spanish originated from Latin and was brought to the Iberian Peninsula (where Spain and Portugal lie today) by the Romans around 210 BC. Their reach included South America, where they discovered most of the South American countries in the early 16th century. Venezuela was populated by indigenous people before it was colonized by Spain in 1522. Tegucigalpa. Instead, the Spanish, led by Christopher Columbus, found the Americas. Jan 23, 2016 - This is a free reference sheet of the 21 Spanish-speaking countries, their capital cities, and nationalities. Costa Rica translates to Rich Coast. Ecuador is located in the northwest region of South America. Panama is the country that links Central America and South America. Honduras was a Spanish colony until its independence in 1821 when it joined the First Mexican Empire. Prior to the move of the capital, Toledo served as the capital city. However, Spanish is no longer spoken in the Pacific islands. It is the second most spoken language in the world after Mandarin Chinese. Madrid is the capital city of Spain today. 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