I lied very much. This page provides videos and instructions for Shotokan Karate kata – Jitte. To master these Shotokan Karate katas, you will also have to learn basic Shotokan stances, Karate kicks, Karate blocks, Karate punches, etc. Editor's Note: This three part series examines the roots of Shotokan karate through Gichin Funakoshi's 15 original kata. When we compare Kururunfa with the other kata Higaonna learned under his instructor (Ryu Ru Ko Sensei ) in China you will note that Kururunfa is performed relatively quick and fast. ... Jitte. The kata Jion can also be found in Toon-ryu by Kyoda Yuhatsu Sensei (1887 - 1968). This page provides videos and/or written instructions for the katas used in Shito-Ryu Karate (i.e. Jitte – History, and Origins. When Meijin Funakoshi came to mainland Japan, he taught 16 kata: 5 Pinan, 3 Naihanchi, Kushanku Dai, Kushanku Sho, Seisan, Patsai, Wanshu, Chinte, Jitte and Jion. Oktober 2018 Nevertheless, Itosu Sensei had contact with masters of the Tomari region. This Kata was introduced to Shorin Ryu by Master Shinpan Gusukuma (Shiroma). At least Jion could be a kata Matsumura Sensei was familiar with. Regrettably, very little is known about the history of the kata group Jitte, Jiin and Jion. Juli 2018 Jitte is a powerful Kata and one must show good use of power. The modern Jitte stands in between, 18 inches in length. Is it possível nas how tô bit the book? One of the big defining points in karate’s history was after the fateful invasion of the Satsuma Samurai in 1609. In this blog I would like to answer some of your questions about the book. 2 Kata + 2 Bunkai from each Kata WANSHU, ANNANKO, JITTE, SEISAN Kumite – 2 bouts or lppon Kumite (at the discretion of grading officer) 3rd dan. Jitte; Jion; The Pinan Series. Hanashiro Sensei performs Morote Gedan Tsuki. 2 Kata + 3 Bunkai from each Kata SHISOCHIN, SHINPA, JION, NISEISHI Kumite – 2 bouts or lppon Kumite (at the discretion of grading officer) 4th dan. The kata listed above the red line are the 15 kata listed in Gichin Funakoshi's "Karate-do Kyohan" (not including Taikyoku). Jiin is the kata that only a small number of Toyama Sensei's students have received. It is better to describe Japanese in the name of the Katas. Further information can be found in my unpublished book on Jitte, Jion and Jiin (2007) and in my book "The Kata of the Shudokan", planned for the year 2022. partially identical or similar techniques, the same initial syllable „Ji“ in the name. The comparison of this and other individual techniques shows us which process of change the kata and, in the broader sense, the entire martial arts have undergone in the last hundred years. You're right. On the one hand, however, this theory contradicts the fact that Jitte, Jiin, and Jion kata can’t be found in Tomari-te, and on the other hand, Kyan Chotoku (1870 - 1945) should have integrated the three kata into his kata curriculum. The main element use is Gyaku-te waza grappling techniques. Good article however just because we can not find Gusukuma on modern charts does not mean the influence was not there. Jion is the kata taught by a great number of Toyama Sensei students. Its pronounced: (toe ku eee) *Kata has been described as the soul of karate. As we know Kata, meaning Form, or a series of movements, looks to the outsider as a “dance”, and history has recorded these “dance-like” forms in various cultures. Juni 2018 2/1/2005: Umezawa’s Jitte’s activated ability generates a modal choice. Like its sister kata Jion and Ji’in, Jitte begins with the kamae of the left hand covering the right fist which may suggest roots in ancient Kung Fu. It translates into: speciality, pride, triumph aka your best! Jitte jutsu is a technique used to ward off against an opponent using weapons. In 1951, Higa Sensei went back to Okinawa. 2. Their origin is thought to be from the Tomari-te school, however Hirokazu Kanazawa speculates that the Jion kata were devised in the Jionji 慈恩寺, the Jion temple, where martial arts were famously practiced. Both are known to have not greatly appreciated the changes that Itosu Sensei made, for example the group instruction, the development and introduction of the Pinan kata, and the associated transformation of martial arts into physical exercise. Did Itosu Sensei's teacher Matsumura Soken Sensei (1797-1889 or 1809-1901) already know these kata and was he responsible for their transmission? It is interesting to see how he associated the kata Jitte and Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and 1935. ).However, if you have any questions about a particular kata movement, please check with your instructor because kata instructions and the order of katas can vary by school and organization. Kyoda Sensei learned this kata from Yabu Sensei. However, it is noticeable how the techniques have changed. This is a small pointed tip or blade attached to the tsuka but, hidden in the boshin. Featured Image Source: Samuraiantiqueworld [CC BY-SA 3.0], via Wikimedia Commons. Sells (2000) suggests that the kata came to Itosu Sensei via a master of the Tomari-te lineage named Gusukuma, but a master named Gusukuma is not found on any of the popular Tomari-te charts. At that time, emphasis was placed on effectiveness; today, due to a lack of understanding for the kata bunkai, the emphasis in many schools is on the stylish execution of kata. Kata are the formal exercises of traditional karate. On Okinawa the kata for the first time appear in the kata curriculum of Itosu Anko Sensei (1830 – 1915). There are 26 standard Shotokan Kata. In feudal Japan, it was considered a crime punishable by death to bring a sword inside the Shogun’s palace. Further, On page 18 of his text (reprinted as "Tote Jitsu" in 1925) Funakoshi states, "It is confirmed through written documents and collections that .....(2) ASATO followed MATSUMURA and ITOSU followed GUSUKUMA, according to what has been told through generations." There are two kiai points in Jitte, the first one occurs on the last jodan-yoko-uchi-barai (upper level side sweeping block) at the top of the embusen (line of attack). In feudal Japan, it was considered a crime punishable by death to bring a sword inside the Shogun’s palace. Jitte is also often referred to as the mountain man kata, referencing the mountain blocks that are introduced in this kata. In 2006 I wrote a book about the kata group Jitte (temple hand), Jion (temple sound) and Jiin (temple floor). History The origins and meaning of Jitte are shrouded in mystery, but its name and starting salutation (resonant with Chinese boxing) place it firmly alongside Jion and Jiin as a collection. April 2018. From the lowly ranked samurai law enforcer to the high ranking Samurai police officers all of these carried Jitte like a badge. Many do not name Nagahama either and according to Choki Motobu, when Itosu left Matsumura he first went to Nagahama. Throughout the 1800s the Meiji Restoration was taking hold and karate on Okinawa was developing into three nebulous, sometimes interweaving prongs: Shuri Te, Naha Te, and Tomari Te. Jiin is 慈陰、 JITTE. There Higa Sensei also studied under Chibana Sensei and under Nakama Sensei. Body movement in various kata includes stepping, twisting, turning, dropping to the ground, and jumping. This can be decorated lavishly with all manners of inlays. 2 Kata + 3 Bunkai from each Kata Jitte is 十手、 In his later text, "Karate-do Kyohan" (page 8, 1973 edition), Funakoshi says again that "It is stated that ...... (3) masters AZATO and ITOSU were Students of MATSUMURA and GUSUKUMA respectively. The movements of Hanashiro Chomo are on the other side more realistic and his fists reminds us to the movements of the 19th century western boxers. The history of Jitte (ten hands) is very clouded, but most agree that the kata developed in Tomari, but probably originated in China. Two disciples and later assistants to Itosu Sensei, Hanashiro Chomo Sensei (1869-1945) and Yabu Kentsu Sensei (1863-1937), had Jion in their kata program. As for the Japanese martial arts using this weapon, this is known as Juttejutsu. If Jitte, Jiin, and Jion were actually Tomari-te kata, then it's surprising why Kyan Sensei should not have learned these set of kata. He kept his students on the basic ones before they progressed to the more advanced forms. Ji'in, Jion, and Jitte form a group of kata used in Shotokan and other karate styles, beginning with the same characteristic kamae of the left hand covering the right, which apparently has roots in ancient Chinese boxing. The choice is made when the ability is activated. * Jitte: another Tomari-te kata of the Jion kata group; the name means "10 hands." Januar 2019 The Pinan katas were developed by Anko Itosu in the early 1900s. Jitte can sometimes have a hidden stiletto in the hilt. Kururunfa is an advanced kata brought back from China by way of Kanryo Higaonna. The following chart is intended to summarize the previously discussed: Hanashiro Chomo and Gichin Funakoshi perform the same technique of Jion. The kata consists of kicks, punches, sweeps, strikes, blocks, and throws. Jion is 慈恩. So-ojin - it is my belief that this is merely another phonetic spelling of the "So-Jin" Hyung listed above, and is probably not a different name. Konishi executes the movement as it is practiced today in most schools (Shito-ryu, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc.). From the point of view of self-defense, it makes more sense to make kata more combative than to focus solely on a clean and stylized execution of the techniques. Often referred to as the “Soul of Karate,” kata encapsulates the techniques, movements, and spirit of the art. The same technique is performed by Funakoshi Sensei as Gedan Juji Uke (Cross Block). Today these kata are trained among others in the following schools: Shito-ryu by Mabuni Kenwa (1888 - 1952), Kobayashi-ryu by Chibana Choshin (1885 - 1969), here only the Jion, in the Shudokan by Toyama Kanken (1888 - 1966) and Shotokan by Funakoshi Gichin (1868 - 1957). Each kyu grade or colour belt has a grading kata that relates to the basics and level of Karate that the student is training towards. Shotokan Kata – Jitte. In addition, there are a variety of photos and interesting stories that have not found entry into the book. The original name was Jutte, meaning 'ten' (ju) 'hands' (te) but is most commonly referred to nowadays as Jitte though the meaning of 'Ten Hands' has remained. On closer examination it can be seen that these three kata share some similarities: The three kata thus seem to be related both technically and historically to each other and come from the same source or school. Masters Azato and Itosu were the teachers who instructed this writer and to whom the writer is greatly indebted" The second in a series of three katas the name Jitte implies that once a student has mastered this kata they should be able to defend themselves with the hands of ten men. In 1945, Toyama Sensei awarded him the Shihan Menkyo. Chinto kata has a fascinating history and it is necessary to have some understanding of that history if we are to understand the kata itself. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Jitte, Jiin and Jion have survived in the schools of some of Itosu Sensei’s students. For your consideration, Great article though I enjoyed it! Kata practice trains the mind and body for a wide variety of movement and is an excellent form of exercise, memorization, and visualization. * Suparinpei : known as "108 hands," representing the 108 evil spirits of man. This kata is particularly effective in dealing with stick attacks such as a bo or a jo. A jitte or jutte (十手, "ten hands") is a specialized weapon that was used by police in Edo period Japan (1603 – 1868). JITTE – “Ten Hands”. As a form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte. Although Toyama Sensei did not present these three kata in his books, these kata have been preserved in some of his students' schools, as shown in the table below. Even within the Shotokan style, this kata has many variations. This character also apparently taught the kata Chinto (Gankaku), Chinte and Jitte to various Okinawan karate experts. Mastery of the kata is supposed to imply that the karateka is able to perform the actions of ten men, further inferring that one has the ability to fight off ten armed opponents. Furthermore, the blog should serve to give you new historical insights immediately, so you do not have to wait for the second edition of my book. This was carried by all levels of police officers. Which theories are conceivable? Allegedly, the origin of the kata lies in a Chinese Shaolin monastery called Jion-ji. Jitte is the third 'temple' kata (along with Jion and Jiin). Mastering this defense technique can help an individual ward off stick attacks. He and Matsumora Kosaku Sensei (1829-1898) had been training together around 1873 and he could have learned the three kata from Matsumora Sensei in addition to Wankan, Wanshu, Wandou and Rohai. Some experts suggest that Jitte can be traced to ancient Kung Fu. It is important to know that Master Chatan Yara has lived in Shaolin Temple in Honan for about 20 years. The last few paragraphs have shown that the kata group Jite, Jiin, Jion has also spread among the students of Toyama Sensei and that the Jion for many masters was a very important kata and that Jion is the most widespread kata of the kata group. 2/1/2005: If the “target creature gets -1/-1 until end of turn” mode is chosen, the target creature must also be announced. This can be as short as 12 inches or more than 24 inches in length. Februar 2019 If you continue to use this site you understand and agree to the use of cookies and accept them. The kata has very moves, associated with defence against a staff. Itosu learned the kata “Chiang Nan” from a Chinese martial artist who lived in Okinawa, and later remodelled this into five simpler katas, calling them Pinan because … As a rule of thumb the better the designs are the higher the rank of the officer that uses it. Mai 2018 This does not exclude palace guards. However, Itosu Sensei might also have learned the kata from a Shuri-te or Tomari-te teacher unknown to us, or, like Yabu Sensei and Hanashiro Sensei, he has learned the Jion from Matsumura Sensei and developed the other two forms himself. The kata has very moves, associated with defence against a staff. In the preceding paragraphs, we discussed some possible theories about the early history of this kata group, and we were able to see that many details can’t be clearly reconstructed today. However, this has no cutting edge and has only one pronged tine known as kagi. At that time Jiin was not part of Funakoshi Sensei's official teaching program. Even after Toyama Sensei’s death Higa Sensei visited many Shudokan Embukai meetings in Japan. This kata is also said to have represented a band of 108 warriors that travelled the Chinese countryside in the 17th century, performing 'Robin Hood'-type tasks of doing good deeds, giving to the poor, and so on. Although Higa Sensei expanded his knowledge with many masters of Okinawan Karate, the contact with Toyama Sensei was always very strong. Pinan Shodan, Naifanchin Shodan, Juroku, etc. As we know, the kata Jion was one of Hanashiro Sensei's favourite kata. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. SHOTOKAN KATA. This different and obviously wrong assignment - all kata start with the Shaolin greeting and the techniques of all three kata whites clearly on a Shorin origin - shows us that Funakoshi Sensei had not been aware of the origin of the kata and that he did not recognize Jitte and Jion as part of a kata set. The JKA version consists of 24 moves. This is an advanced Shotokan kata. Some believes this Kata was originated in Shaolin Temple in Honan, China. Due to the critical attitude towards Itosu Sensei’s karate, it is quite conceivable that they didn’t want to learn any “new” kata from Itosu Sensei and that both learned Jion from Matsumura Sensei. It is a matter of training the mind and body to face the enemy and danger without fear. When Funakoshi Sensei began teaching karate in Japan in 1922, he taught a total of 15 kata, subdividing kata into Shorei or Shorin kata. It is your Kihon (basics) and kumite (Fighting techniques) all brought together in a set form of movements. There are several schools in existence today that teaches this practice. II, is classified as Neh Ka Ryu. The origin of this Kata comes from the Tomari-te system, translates to “10 Hands”. It came from the same person as kata Chinto (and Chinte and Jitte) came from; the castaway known as Chinto and Anan. Higa Sensei, born in Nahama in 1921, gave the first public karate demonstrations together with Toyama Sensei in Japan in 1940. September 2018 List of Shito-Ryu Karate Katas with Videos. The distinctive yama uke are said to resemble the Japanese three-pronged jitte (like the Okinawan sai), which is one possible interpretation of the name. Jitte (or Jutte) means "Ten Hands." The history of Jitte (ten hands) is very clouded, but most agree that the kata developed in Tomari, but probably originated in China. It was then that records and stories began to take shape in meaningful ways. , in whose school the kata are said to have played a minor role. Although Kyoda Sensei's main teacher was Naha-te master Higashionna Kanryo (1853 - 1915), from whom he learned the kata Sanchin, Seisan, Sanseiru and Peichurin, Kyoda Sensei must have seen something special in the kata Jion or in Yabu Sensei, otherwise he would have not incorporated the kata in his “small” Naha-te based kata curriculum. The table shows that the he clearly assigned Jion to be Shorei-ryu, the kata Jitte, however, 1922 and 1935 the Shorei-ryu, 1925 but the Shorin-ryu was assigned. It is literally translated to ten hands. The Morote Soto Uke of Gichin Funakoshi is very „exact“. Kata forms part of your training. It can also be plain. Sip Soo - this Kata is known as "Jitte" in Karate-Do, and as Great Grandmaster Hwang Kee explained in Vol. Kyan Sensei not only studied under Matsumora Sensei but also under Oyadomari Kokan Sensei (1827 - 1905) and Maeda Peichin Gichio Sensei (1826 - 1890). Those listed below the red line are the rest of the 26 Shotokan kata. Some schools only teach this for those who ranked 3rd dan. Even within the Shotokan style, this kata … I do not believe it is possible to reconstruct the history of where the kata came from any more than it is possible to reconstruct the ancient Tower of Babel from the remnants found in Babylon. While many styles still use the Okinawan name (which means the same), in Shotokan they are usually known as the Heian kata, a name change instigated by the style’s founder Gichin Funakoshi when he introduced karate to Japan in the 1920s. Brief History. It was taught as a part of the Tomari-te Okinawan karate style and has elements of Gyaku-te grappling techniques. From there, Kanazawa believes the Jion kata were spread into the Tomari region. It is perhaps interesting that Higa Seitoku Sensei (Bugeikan) also had the Jion in his very extensive Kata curriculum. Creator of this kata is unknown.’ Jitte’ can be translated as ‘ten hands’. Today I would like to share some thoughts on the historical development of these three kata. Thank you for your feedback and comments. The reason for this is that it was observed that the style use can be found in karate with some grappling techniques thrown in. Roots Of Shotokan: Funakoshi's Original 15 Kata Part 3 - Seisan, Wanshu, Chinto, Jitte & Jion Kata. Funakoshi sensei tells us that the name implies that a person skilled in this form is as competent in fighting as ten men. It is interesting to see how he associated the kata Jitte and Jion in his books in 1922, 1925, and 1935. This made Jitte a good form of protection for these palace guards. The Shito Ryu and Itosu Kai sensei, Ryusho Sakagami (1915-1993) believed that the three 'J kata' were Itosu's reformulation of older Tomari kata, since lost. Higa Sensei could have learned the Kata Jion from Toyama Sensei, but also from Chibana Sensei or Nakama Sensei. Hanashiro Chomo generally performs the Kata much more combative. As a form of protection palace guards carries a non-bladed weapon called Jitte. The Kata’s name Jitte which means “the strength of 10 men” gives it away. The primary function of this is to teach defense against enemies using weapons during fights or battle. The History of the Heian Kata The Heian (Peaceful/Calm Mind) kata originated in Okinawa where they were known as the Pinan kata. If it is plain this means the owner is a low ranking officer. This does not exclude palace guards. August 2018 He actually taught at least 40 kata, these were later included in the limited but monumental work by Shigeru Egami "Karate … The creator of the kata was Sokon “Bushi” Matsumura (1809—1902) who played a huge role in the development of karate and who was also the … I have already found some mistakes myself and will revise the article in the next few weeks in some places. Some theories on where Jitte got its name is the raised fist hand position used within the kata. Unfortunately, it is not known how these kata found their way into the karate of Itosu Sensei. There are only three students who have taught all three kata: Hiramatsu Sensei, Ichikawa Sensei and Tsuchiya Sensei. Along with Join and Jitte begin with left hand covering right (ancient Chinese) Tokui kata 得意 is your “free” or favorite kata. The man in the photo is not Itosu Sensei. by Joe Swift. The illustrations show the initial movements of the Jion (Hanashiro) and the Jiin (Konishi). Tomari te. Info about "Jitte (kata) video". As ‘ ten hands. today in most schools ( Shito-Ryu, Shotokan, Shudokan, etc. ) includes! Itosu left Matsumura he first went to Nagahama punches, sweeps, strikes blocks. The Heian ( Peaceful/Calm Mind ) kata originated in Shaolin Temple in for... By Anko Itosu in the name of the Satsuma Samurai in 1609 blog would... The designs are the higher the rank jitte kata history the kata for the first public karate demonstrations together with Toyama awarded... 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