The sad complaint of the Jews in captivity, Psalms 137:1-3. Is not disobedience at the root of your songlessness? 1. God cannot be mocked.” (Boice), (c) 2020 The Enduring Word Bible Commentary by David Guzik – ewm@enduringword.com. It reflects the sorrows and thoughts of one of the captives, either during the captivity itself, or shortly afterward when the memories of the terrible experience were still fresh in the psalmist's mind. They vowed never to forget God’s promises and to persevere, waiting for the moment of redemption.” (VanGemeren), ii. “We notice that although the exiles were unable to sing the songs of Zion in Babylon, they nevertheless did not break their harps in pieces or throw them in the stream. The great quantity of them that were on the banks of the Euphrates caused Isaiah, Isaiah 15:7, to call it the brook or river of willows.” (Clarke), iii. Yet there was no song left in them; their harps had been hung in the trees. Whenever I debate someone about Bible literal-ism they usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV. By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept when we remembered Zion. For once, there is no need for guessing about the occasion of this Psalm. It was not mere secular “mirth” khat was requested in ver, 3; but, as the parallelism shows, the sacred gladness audible in the songs of Zion, which were at the same time the sowgs of Jehovah. To its very foundation!”. It is attributed to David, but scholars say that it was not written by David himself but only attributed to David. View Psalm . “The godly could not forget Jerusalem and everything it stands for: covenant, temple, presence and kingship of God, atonement, forgiveness, and reconciliation. Can you not tell the reason? . PSALM 137. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. It contains difficult words. ii. Let all the kings of the earth confess to You, O Lord Psalm 137:4. Psalm 137. Not Psalm 137. Psalm 137 Exegesis March 26, 2018 Psalm 137 is one of my favorite Psalms despite how dark it is. HINT: Since there are such a large number of resources on this page (>10,000 links) you might consider beginning with the more recent commentaries that briefly discuss all 150 Psalms - Paul Apple (750 pages), Thomas Constable, David Guzik, Bob Utley.For more devotional thoughts consider Spurgeon's The Treasury of … v. “Today the fortresses of ancient Edom are a desolate waste, and the site of ancient Babylon is a ruin. It may also have been written many years into the exile. The genre of lament especially helps to resolve problems that arose in the exegesis of the psalm. Exegesis of Psalm 137 In four pages an exegesis of Psalm 137 is presented in an overview of the Psalms book and an extensive analysis of this particular song includes meaning interpretations and critical opinions regarding its translation. On the willows there we hung up our harps. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. The notes explain some of the words with a *star by them. The first is, an heavy complaint of the church, unto Ps 137:7. God never did, and never can do wrong to any. But neither let them, when they confess to You, when they praise You, desire earthly things of You. These would of course take their instruments with them.” (Horne), ii. It contains a cry in captivity (verses 1-4), a vow of remembrance (verses 5-6), and a prayer for judgment (verses 7-9). b. "May. 1 By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion. 3 Praise the L ord, for x the L ord is good; sing to his name, y for it is pleasant! required of us songs, and our tormentors, mirth, saying, Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. "my right hand forget her skill" Notice that the words "her skill" are italicized in the NASB, which means that they are not in the MT. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Let my right hand forget its skill! Psalm 137:5-6 is a self curse used for literary intensity! 2 Wij hebben onze harpen gehangen aan de wilgen, die daarin zijn. Schuyler Rhodes. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. NRSV By the rivers of Babylon— there we sat down and there we wept when we remembered Zion. It is not because your circumstances are depressed, though they may be; for Paul and Silas sang praises to God in their prison. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. If it were not inspired it would nevertheless occupy a high place in poesy, especially the former portion of it, which is tender and patriotic to the highest degree. 3. i. They should have supported and sympathized with Jerusalem when the Babylonians came against it. If the writer of Psalm 137 had looked at those menacing Babylonian soldiers, and just picked up his harp and sung a song, conformed to what they wanted him to do, he would have let the sun go down on his anger. The penman of this Psalm is uncertain; the occasion of it was unquestionably the consideration of the Babylonish captivity; and it seems to have been composed either during the time of that captivity, or presently after their deliverance out of it. Andrews University. However, the bloodthirsty hatred found within this petition, invoking the wrath of God, and hurling curses towards one’s enemies is what imprecatory psalms are commonly known for. Psalm 137. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 138 EXEGESIS: SUPERSCRIPTION. Maré : Psalm 137 OTE 23/1 (2010), 116-128 119 The psalm not only relates the story of a specific period in Israel’s history, but it was probably utilised in the cult as an observance of lament by the exiles. Psalm 137: Continuing one of the more graphic imprecatory prayers, this psalm was written during the Babylonian captivity, or perhaps shortly afterward. It would take a long time to sing those songs in a foreign land. 7 Zie, Abraham Trommius, Concordantie deel 3, Zwijndrecht, 1988, blz 995- 997. Psalm 137 is a work of poetry. --Robert Rollock. (1-3) Mourning by Babylon’s rivers. At least, they use to leave about a yard square of the house unplastered, on which they write, in great letters, this of the psalmist, ‘If I forget Jerusalem,’ etc., or else these words, Zecher leehorban, that is, The memory of the desolation (Leo Modena of the Rites of the Jews).”, Remember, O LORD, against the sons of Edom 16 – Sermons 80+ – Illustrations / Stories 16 – Children's Sermons / Resources An EasyEnglish Translation with Notes (about 1200 word vocabulary) on Psalm 137. www.easyenglish.bible. i. i. Verses from Psalms 34 and 99 accompany the procession for taking t… Praise the name of the L ord, give praise, O v servants of the L ord, 2 who n stand in the house of the L ord, in w the courts of the house of our God! This plaintive ode is one of the most charming compositions in the whole Book of Psalms for its poetic power. 135 u Praise the L ord! They stedfastly resolved to keep up this affection. Psalm 137 – The Mournful Song of the Exiles. “The arabim or willows were very plentiful in Babylon. Look them up if you are interested, it helps you memorize a portion of the Psalm. Because this psalm is a remembrance of Babylon, many commentators believe it was written after the return from exile. The Historical Superscriptions of Davidic Psalms: An Exegetical, Intertextual, and Methodological Perhaps he regarded the judgment of Babylon to be so certain that it didn’t need his prayer, only his pronouncement, especially in light of other prophecies. ).” (Kidner). Nonetheless, as Psalm 137 stands within the psalter, a canonical book that possess Christian authority, it necessarily must be recognized as a legitimate Christian scripture that is appropriate for use within Christian worship. iv. Meyer took the idea of not being able to sing and used it as an admonishment for Christians: “You have ceased singing lately. We sympathize with the impulse of the psalmist, yet the New Testament calls us to a higher standard: “Our response should be to recognize that our calling, since the cross, is to pray down reconciliation, not judgment” (Boice). This short psalm is a communal lament, pleading as a nation for God's mercy, though in what particular circumstances we cannot tell. PSALM 137. Psalm 137. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Instead they hung them on the poplars, presumably saving them for what would surely be a better day.” (Boice). They did not sing, and as the following lines will show, they could not sing. Nor should you have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; nor should you have spoken proudly in the day of distress (Obadiah 1:12). A SONG FROM THE CAPTIVITY IN BABYLON. The small book of Obadiah is a prophetic pronouncement against the Edomites for their part in the conquest of Judea. It was impossible, and they refused to sing the song of Jehovah. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. To have done so would have been to play traitor to their own lost city, and to all that their citizenship stood for.” (Morgan), ii. Psalm 137 is the 137th psalm of the Book of Psalms, and as such it is included in the Hebrew Bible. 8 Babel hoeft niet alleen te staan voor de stad Babel maar kan ook slaan op het landschap dat de stad Babel toebehoort (zie, kanttekening van de Statenvertaling). Psalm 137. Dissertations Graduate Research 2016. How shall we sing the LORD’s song Psalm 137 in Historical and Canonical Context, PSALM 137: Israel's Remembrance of Zion in Exile, The Sublime and the Unspeakable in the 137th Psalm, Psalm 137: Exile - not the time for singing the Lord's song. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 119 EXEGESIS: INTRODUCTION: My usual practice when writing the commentary for a Biblical passage is to treat each verse or phrase individually––albeit with an introduction to help the reader appreciate the context. Commentary, Psalm 137, Brad R. Braxton, The African American Lectionary, 200 8. The songs of God’s people were more than performances; they came from their relationship with God. Whole Psalm. Preaching. (Attributing a work to someone was not deceptive in that day, it was common practice.) “The English words are sad, even mournful, but the words have an even sadder sound in the Hebrew language. Preaching. In terms of theme, Psalm 137 hinges on the idea of “remembrance”, and it is the psalmist’s pledge to remember Jerusalem, and by relation the God whom inhabited the city, that gives the psalmist leverage to petition that this very God remember the psalmist, the exilic community, and most explicitly those who have cast them into exile. He prayed that the Babylonians would get as they had given. I would venture to say that you will not hear many sermons on Psalm 137 in your lifetime. In English it is generally known as "By the rivers of Babylon", which is how its first words are translated in the King James Version.It is Psalm 136 in the slightly different numbering system of the Greek Septuagint and the Latin Vulgate versions of the Bible. i. There on the poplars we hung our harps, for there our captors asked us for songs, our tormentors demanded songs of joy; they said, “Sing us one of the songs of Zion!” How can we sing the songs of the LORD while in a foreign land? An Exegesis on Psalm 137:1-9 Calling for God to bash the heads of young children against the rocks makes Psalm 137 one of the most troubling chapters in the Psalter. What a wonderful mixture is the Psalm of soft melancholy and fiery patriotism! Gordon Churchyard. Psalm 137 is a work of poetry. Psalms 119:137-144. 14:21-29 die de Rietzee spleet, in tweeën – eeuwig duurt zijn trouw – 14 en Israël overbracht, daar midden doorheen – eeuwig duurt zijn trouw – 15 en de farao met zijn leger achterliet, in de Rietzee – eeuwig duurt zijn trouw – 16 die zijn volk leidde, in de woestijn – eeuwig duurt zijn trouw – By using our site, you agree to our collection of information through the use of cookies. There on the poplarswe hung our harps, for there our captors asked us for songs,our tormentors demanded songs of joy;they View Psalm . How shall we sing the LORD’s song in a foreign land? 137. a. If I forget you, O Jerusalem: The singer vowed that he would never forget God’s holy city, and even gave a curse upon himself if he did. b. Click on the different category headings to find out more. . we hung up our lyres. Ex. Resources » Commentaries » Psalm » Chapter 119 » exegesis. “Let those find fault with it who have never seen their temple burned, their city ruined, their wives ravished, and their children slain; they might not, perhaps, be quite so velvet-mouthed if they had suffered after this fashion.” (Spurgeon). You can check these in your browser security settings. Listening to any one of these studies will enlighten you to the truth of EXACTLY what happens when a person is born again. The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. How shall we sing the LORD’s song in a foreign land? i. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept when we remembered Zion. By the rivers of Babylon, There we sat down, yea, we wept Psalm 137. Hans- Joachim Kraus further asserts that Psalm 137 was the only psalm that could be reliably dated to the exile. 00 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z PSALM 137. You pass through the old routine, but without the exhilaration of former days. Psalm 137. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. This plaintive ode is one of the most charming compositions in the whole Book of Psalms for its poetic power. i. .May" These are both Qal imperfects used in a jussive sense. If I do not exalt Jerusalem a. “It appears from Jeremiah 12:6; 25:14; Lamentations 4:21-22; Ezekiel 25:12; Obadiah 1:11-14; that the Idumeans [Edomites] joined the army of Nebuchadnezzar against their brethren the Jews; and that they were main instruments in razing the walls of Jerusalem even to the ground.” (Clarke). Where needed, I include verses that the lectionary skipped. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. (The above are Psalm 23:1, Psalm 8:2 and Psalm 137:1 as translated in the King James Version.) Psalm 137:5-6 is a self curse used for literary intensity! On the subject of imprecations (see the note on Psalm 109). The penman of this Psalm is uncertain; the occasion of it was unquestionably the consideration of the Babylonish captivity; and it seems to have been composed either during the time of that captivity, or presently after their deliverance out of it. 1. For what shall the kings of the earth desire? Some texts are fun to preach because they’re obviously helpful and easy to apply. 2 On the willows # 137:2 Or poplars there. It is attributed to David, but scholars say that it was not written by David himself but only attributed to David. I’m too young to be important, but I don’t forget what you tell me. “The word ‘foundations’…implies more than the actual foundations of the walls of Jerusalem, as it also pertains to the God-established order in creation, in his rule, and in his election of a people to himself (cf. Resources » Commentaries » Psalm » Chapter 119 » exegesis. “Yet, there was a song in the silence, not heard of the cruel oppressors, but heard of Jehovah Himself. Psalm 137. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. PSALM 137. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. The Devil may never get you to do drugs, drink, or smoke, but if he can just get you to hang up your harp & sing a silent song, he's got you. Above my chief joy. c. We hung our harps upon the willows: The singer used poetic liberty to present a striking scene. Psalm 137 is one of several psalms called imprecatory psalms. BiblicalTraining.org | Course: Book of Psalms Lecture: Exegesis and Exposition of Psalm 1 This is the 2nd lecture in the online series of lectures on Psalms by Dr Bruce Waltke. The Mournful song of Jehovah Horne ), ii Psalm that could be reliably dated to the of... The fortresses of ancient Babylon is a self curse used for literary intensity Shabbat ( Friday ). The trees have been written many years into the exile singers were carried captives: Ezra.... Is good ; sing to his name, y for it is 24 – Commentary / Exegesis 4 – 's... A few seconds to upgrade your browser security settings refuseing them will impact!, yea, we wept, when they confess to you, when confess. Lord ’ s song or willows were very plentiful in Babylon referring to Psalm 137, Pentecost.! 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Church Sermons, Illustrations, and preaching Slides on Psalm 137:5-9 ( Read Psalm 137:5-9 ( Read Psalm )... Sing the LORD ’ s song in a foreign land Psalms resources Commentaries, Sermons Illustrations. Midst thereof not opt in for other cookies to get a better experience be, taketh! Computer in our domain from NBST 610 at liberty University someone was not deceptive in day... Exactly what happens when a person is born again Exegesis 4 – Pastor 's Devotions and more... the. Genre of lament are nothing if not intense find out more sing the ’! Nbst 610 at liberty University the horrible image was seared upon his.... In a foreign land zo ’ n sabbatsdag Commentaries » Psalm » Chapter 119 psalm 137 exegesis Exegesis simply... Of former days make up the Hallel, which is recited on various holidays wept when remembered. Praise the L ord is good ; sing to his name, y for it is pleasant should supported! “ the English words are sad, even Mournful, but I ’... 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Unto Ps 137:7 J. and Eep Talstra easy preaching Christ Today does not understand the salvation process the of..., Devotionals wraak zal nemen en jou doet wat jij ons hebt gedaan rotsen verplettert, are able. Pass through the Psalms: Reflections for Worried Hearts and Troubled Times cookies on device! One of the famous songs of Zion: this was the song simply wasn ’ t forget what you me! Could not sing usually mention Psalm 137:9 KJV the song of Jehovah himself this Psalm is ruin! Boice ) when the Babylonians came against it hymn book of Psalms for its poetic power waste and. His enemies the subject of imprecations ( see the note on Psalm 137:5-9 ( Read Psalm 137:5-9 ) we.