Leaves turn a uniformly yellow with brown flecking. Kikuyu is a prostrate perennial grass, which may form a loose sward up to ~50cm high when ungrazed, but becomes a dense turf when grazed. There is no need to include watering of the grass in the list with winter lawn maintenance tasks. Description: Infects the foliage and crown, resulting in the yellowing off and dieback of the older leaves. Definitely will recommend to family and friends! Not all lawn bugs and grubs are bad. On close inspection leaves  will be dying back from the tip down to the base. Would love your thoughts, please comment. If you need any help identifying or treating a lawn problem, please give Paul Munns Instant Lawn a call on 8298 0555 or send us an email at info@paulmunnsinstantlawn.com.au. Identifying tips. Kenda Kikuyu is resistant to pests and diseases compared to most other lawn varieties. A helpful article. Staff provide fantastic service. Management: Graze to maximise leaf, minimise stem. Keep in mind that the parts under the sunlight grow a lot faster than the ones that are in the shade. Favourable conditions:  Favours high pH soils and grows  throughout the year. Cultural control:  Reduce general plant stress, particularly  compaction and poor drainage. Type – grass Height – 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm) Exposure – full sun. Suited to very fertile, well-drained soils. Other typical symptoms of lawn diseases include “frog-eye” patterns (e.g., a circular area of dead grass with healthy grass in the center), leaf spots, rotted crowns and roots, yellow leaves, stunting, and wilting. When conditions are ideal the pathogen produces  bright pink threadlike structures called sclerotia that cover  infected areas of turf. TURF WEED, PEST & DISEASE IDENTIFICATION GUIDE Insect Pests Diseases Common Weeds Capeweed (Arctotheca calendula) Situation: Found in all turf situations. Favourable conditions:  Mderately warm humid weather. However, if your soil is a dry sandy type, do it at least once a week. Lawn insect pests are categorized as follows. It is hardy and used to hot conditions. The disease known as black helminthosporium occurs during warm, moist periods. Description: A fungal disease likely to strike during warm, humid conditions. The good news is that if you choose the correct variety of lawn in the first place, then you greatly reduce the chances of get any diseases. Click bellow and our messenger squirrels wil do the rest! Occasionally an outbreak will occur after an extended period of heat and humidity but for the most part, a lawn will remain relatively disease-free as long as it is maintained properly. Description:  Circular tan to straw coloured patches  between 2-5 cm, often appear overnight in warm, humid  weather. Most growth in spring, summer and autumn. Favourable conditions: This species has growth potential between 8°C-40°C with an optimum temperature of 28°C. The tropical grass species Pennisetum clandestinum is known by several common names, most often kikuyu grass, as it is native to the highland regions of East Africa that is home to the Kikuyu people.Because of its rapid growth and aggressive nature, it is categorised as a noxious weed in some regions. Kikuyu also grows quickly, so it is an ideal choice when you want to cover a certain area as quickly as possible. Black fungal hyphae can  often be seen covering rhizomes, stolons and roots. Diseases, pests & weeds indicate a deeper problem. We have a bore and water for 30mins twice a week in the wee early hours through Hunter MP rotor sprinklers (which are just fantastic). Kikuyu grass is aggressive and can spread rapidly if given the chance, generally, this grass will not be planted with other species. Pests and Diseases. Host species:  Most turfgrass species, particularly Ryegrass,  Bentgrass and Fescue. Kidding Around . Acid Lawn Soil. Kikuyu has a high tolerance to drought, disease and insects and makes for a beautiful, lush green lawn. Broad coarse leaves (25 to 40 mm long and 4 to 5 mm wide) and hardy runners characterise kikuyu grass and it is the perfect cost-effective grass for sunny areas especially if you’re on a tight budget. Helminthosporium leaf spot of Kikuyu caused by Bipolaris australiensis , starts as small, dark brown circular spots. We have established kikuyu as our lawn here on the south coast of WA with approximately 1000m2 as lawn. Major root and crown diseases include Kikuyu Yellows (Verrucalvus flavofaciens), Pythium diseases, Fairy Rings, Spring Dead Spot (Leptosphaeria spp. If you see these you should be able to manage it with pesticides. mlns:og="http://ogp.me/ns#" xmlns:fb="https://www.facebook.com/2008/fbml">. Kikuyu grass puts down deep roots and these help it thrive in the hot weather and with its long growing season and superior disease resistance you’re assured of a beautiful lawn all year round. Description:  Infected turf becomes blighted in small  circles and patches at first, often spreading to destroy large  areas. The affected  turfgrass dies back slowly as the patch enlarges, coalescing  to form large areas of dead turf. Here is what you need to know about this rapid grower: The whole process itself is not hard. If you already have an established lawn, a thorough watering every eight to ten days should be perfect. ... Common Pests and Diseases. Blighting of leaves occurs as  lesions grow resulting in thinning out of large areas of turf. Description:  Infected turfgrass appears in general decline,  with thin and off colour foliage and stunted growth. spots on leaves, size and location of patches etc. Host species:  Most turf species are susceptible. If you suspect that you might have a white grub infestation, look out for irregular dead spots caused by beetle larvae feeding on grass roots. The grass spreads aggressively from profusely branching rhizomes and stolons, which form adventitious roots at the nodes. Kikuyu Yellows thrives on high temperatures in spring and summer which offsets Kikuyu’s dominant growth period. I am going to try to control the weeds using Embargo and Bow & Arrow herbicides. Cultural control:  Apply nitrogen, remove morning dew. But you did. Lawn grubs can also be known as army worms or sod web worms and despite their name they all can cause a lot of damage to your turf in a relatively short amount of time, in fact, lawn grubs can feed on 30cms of lawn each and every night. Lawn disease comes in many shapes and sizes, with the most common lawn diseases being Brown Patch, Dollar Spot and Pythium. Acidic lawn soil encourages many weeds, restricts the lawn grasses ability to absorb certain nutrients and can n... Alkaline Lawn Soil. If you had problems last spring with disease then monthly treatments during February, March and April are essential to reduce fungus growth and protect your lawn. Description:  These organisms are not plant parasitic and  do not cause disease in turfgrass, however their presence  impacts on aesthetics and playability of turfgrass surfaces. Infected areas become larger resulting  in patches of thin or dead turf. is a common fungal disease typically found in turf species like Kikuyu and Buffalo. With little chance of bindii encounters, you will feel relieved knowing your kids can run around barefoot without any issues. Diseases. Kikuyu grass offers many benefits and is especially popular in South Africa due to the fact that it flourishes in hot temperatures. Kikuyugrass weeds (also spelled kikuyu grass) are native grasses in East Africa, so when the turfgrass was imported, it adapted readily to the warm, temperate climates on the coast and inland valleys of California. Treating and eradicating these pests is relatively easy. Pests. As the infection  progresses pustules of orange spores protrude from  infected leaf tissue and burst resulting in masses of rust  coloured spores over the leaf surface. Village Green® is a male sterile kikuyu variety, meaning it does not produce unsightly seed heads. Kikuyu grass is an excellent barrier to block spread of weeds! Favourable conditions:  Prevalent from autumn through  to spring. A lawn consisting of kikuyu grass grows quite fast and for this reason requires a substantial amount of water, but growing slows down during the winter months. Description:  Infected leaves begin to yellow off in  spots along the length of the leaf blade. Other diseases that look similar to kikuyu poisoning include: infectious diseases such as listeriosis and Histophilus meningoencephalitis milk fever, grass tetany and other metabolic conditions other poisonings including lead, salt and nitrate poisoning Susceptible Turfgrasses: Kikuyu. Cultural control:  Irrigate deeply and infrequently, reduce  physical stress and ensure plant nutrition is adequate. Main insect pests: Army worms, sod web worms, african black beetle. Get our know-how delivered straight to your inbox! Kikuyu will smother any other weed that might grow on a lawn, like clover for instance. Had a little issue with delivery date but their staff contacted me to provide updates and set expectations. Lawn insect pests are categorized as follows. Fungal diseases in lawn turf grasses take all forms and occur at different times of the year. Cultural control:  Reduce leaf wetness as spores are water  dispersed. Pests. Napier grass is also used in integrated pest management strategy as pull crop mainly in maize and sorghum producing areas. As we already mentioned, Kikuyu grass is a rapid grower, capable of surviving almost any type of weather. Major pests Larvae of the African black beetle weaken plants by eating the roots. Prostrate growth. Name – Pennisetum clandestinum Synonym – Cenchrus clandestinus Family – Poaceae. Spread  rapidly blighting large areas of turf in a matter of hours. However, as with all grasses if problems occur, we recommend: Pests – watch for Lawn Grub (for example Web Worm or Army Worm) and African Black Beetle and if found apply … Favourable conditions:  Hot and wet or humid weather  between 30-35°C. Take the required measures as soon as you notice any signs of infestation. Filter by All Growing Lawn Disease Lawn Pests Lawn Weeds. If you see these you should be able to manage it with pesticides. Bare Patches. It was planted on ditch banks in an attempt to stop erosion, but it rapidly jumped over into the surrounding countryside. Favourable conditions:  Optimum temperature is  15°C when pathogen growth is strong and host root  growth is slow. It is a valuable pasture that provides summer feed, but it can also occasionally cause disease in livestock in certain environmental conditions. Kikuyugrass is a perennial grass that grows best under cool to warm temperatures (60° to 90°F) and moist conditions; however, it also survives well at high temperatures (100°F). The old style common Kikuyu grass continues to be a nuisance to many lawn owners in Australia, particularly when it invades a lawn of a different variety. Kikuyu grass is mostly known for its abrasive nature, so if you want to have a neat, good looking lawn, you have to maintain it regularly. video. Cultural control: Reduce foliar moisture, increase potassium nutrition. Description:  Symptoms may initially show as small  patches and spots of a straw yellow to white colour, often  progressing as a uniform blight. Athracnose. A little ... Of all grass diseases red thread lawn fungus is the most common causing brown patches or a blotchy appearance. Short leafy branches are produced from the stolons. The disease favours damp … The lower leaves become chlorotic and irregularly shaped patches up to 1 m in diameter then start to appear. Favourable conditions:Extended periods of mild temperatures and foliar moisture from autumn through to spring. Kikuyu grass’ growth characteristics make it quite a hardy lawn in terms of pest resistance. Favourable conditions: Foliar blight occurs between 26.7 °C-35.0 °C and basal rot occurs between 21.1°C-27.80°C. ... Love Your Lawn . So let me tell you something important that can help you a lot. ), Rhizoctonia Patch diseases, Fusarium diseases and Anthracnose (Colletotrichum graminicola). In favourable conditions the runners spread rapidly, making kikuyu a very suitable species for erosion control. Purchase Village Green from a licensed grower and always obtain a certificate of authenticity. If you find your lawn afflicted with the curse of the lawn grubs don’t despair. Favourable conditions: Foliar blight occurs between 26.7 °C-35.0 °C and basal rot occurs between 21.1°C-27.80°C. Kikuyu is the only lawn grass that needs such deep planting. Black hair-like fruiting bodies sprout in clusters on the leaves and sheaths of the plant. Sir Walter Buffalo is a low maintenance grass variety. Kikuyu grass’ growth characteristics make it quite a hardy lawn in terms of pest resistance. Napier grass is grown along maize or sorghum (in rows or in borders) to reduce the stem borer population. Through summer kikuyu has a high leaf to stem/stolon ratio and with good management the fast-growing green leaf (1… Lawn Disease - Leaf Spot ... Drechslera, and Exserohilum spp.) However, as with all grasses if problems occur, we recommend: Pests – watch for Lawn Grub (for example Web Worm or Army Worm) and African Black Beetle and if found apply suitable pesticides according to the label’s directions. You should be able to adjust the height settings of your mower for the different parts of your lawn. Pests, disease and weeds Conditions Favouring Disease. Main diseases: Kikuyu yellows, leaf spot. It is also commonly grown in borders of many crops as windbreak and firebreak. So for your convenience, we give you our handy guide on how to grow and maintain Kikuyu grass. All rights reserved. Infected turf  turns characteristically yellow and eventually dies back  with weeds often colonising the centre of the patches. Apply the fertiliser once in early Spring and after that in the first weeks of Autumn. Examples include Spring Dead Spot and Couch Decline in Couch grass, dollar spot in couch and kikuyu grasses, and so on. Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) Description: Perennial. Many Australians grew up with Kikuyu, as it’s one of the few grasses that can be grown almost anywhere in the country. Infected swards can  appear unthrifty and ‘speckly’. As the disease attacks your lawn, you will see elongated spots start to appear on the blades of the grass. Hawkweed Hounds . Patches appear water soaked, greasy and can  possess fluffy white mycelium in the mornings. ... Common Pests and Diseases. Kikuyu can grow rapidly in summer when conditions are favourable (warm and wet) and must be managed well to optimise pasture quality. Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois): Close-up of kikuyu grass by Harry Rose ★ under © CC BY 2.0 Black hair-like fruiting bodies sprout in clusters on the leaves and sheaths of the plant. The only disadvantage to kikuyu is that it can’t handle shaded or semi-shaded areas. Soil – ordinary Foliage – evergreen Moisture – dry to swampy (all). As an oomycete the pathogen thrives in the presence of high soil moisture and the disease favours warm conditions in spring and summer (Bransgrove, 2006). The blotches will have a pink colouration. Creeping perennial grasses like Kikuyu are hard to control when they invade as undesirable weeds and spread their stolons throughout Couch grass.This is partly because Kikuyu has the capacity to store energy reserves in its stolons, which means it can survive unfavourable conditions either in tandem or in isolation. Kikuyu Yellows Kikuyu yellows is caused by the oomycete Verrucalvus flavofaciensand is the primary disease of turf and pasture types of kikuyu. and phone the MayFord Helpline or speak to a specialist in this field. Kenda Kikuyu is known to be particularly hardy to many of the common diseases and pests which affect many other species of turf. From December to February the aim is to maintain grazing pressure to keep residuals down; this prevents a mat building up, keeps the kikuyu leafy and maintains clover in the pasture. Affects: Wintergrass, Bentgrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, RTF Fescue, Nullarbor Couch. Hard graze to 5 cm in height. With pests, you will need to look out for the lawn grub and the African black beetle. Acid Lawn Soil. Kikuyu is a nice, dense, budget-friendly grass, that with the right maintenance, can look like it’s from a cover of a magazine. Infected areas range in size from 10cm to 1m in diameter. Verrucalvus flavofaciens is the primary disease of turf and pasture types of kikuyu. Yellow patches up  to 10cm in diameter may form with the turf pulling easily  from the soil due to a lack of roots. Affected lawn areas can become discolored and lose density quickly. The Kikuyu yellows is a fungal disease that infects the root system, causing root rot and grass death in distinct circular patterns. In favourable conditions the runners spread rapidly, making kikuyu a very suitable species for erosion control. Lack of water and food are one cause of dead areas, however there is a chance you could have had disease. Cultural control:  Implement sanitary practices such as  washing mowers between infected sites. Suited to very fertile, well-drained soils. The dense turf resists weeds, insects and disease. Symptoms vary between host species and conditions. Cultural control:  Reduce plant stress, avoid prolonged  leaf wetness. Powdery mildew, leaf spot, spring dead spot and Kikuyu yellows can all affect your lawn. Due to its tight growth habit, a Sir Walter lawn is mostly pest and weed resistant, less … Description:  Depending on the species, this disease may  cause large rings of lush green growth to occur on infected  turf, or may result in rings of mushrooms with plant  dieback and hydrophobicity. But it doesn’t have to be a dream! A warm-season staple of Australian backyards, as well as sports fields, pastures, public areas and golf course fairways, Kikuyu is an excellent choice of grass to handle Australian conditions. Favourable conditions:  Cool wet weather followed by  heat stress from spring to summer. Description:  Symptoms exhibit as patches up to 1m in  diameter, appearing in spring and summer. Description:  Brown to purple lesions appear on the  leaf blade and sheath, eventually turning to deep pitted  necrosis in the plant tissue. Occurrence: Capeweed (also known as cape dandelion) is an annual weed found in most areas of Australia. The grass needs to be mowed regularly (once a week) if you want it looking good at all times. Untarnished by pests, this disease-free lawn is extremely family-friendly. Description: Infected areas of turf display circular patches of brown foliage up to 60cm across, often with healthier looking turf in the centre and a smoky grey-brown outer halo. It can tolerate heat and will do well under relatively shady conditions. Copyright © 2016 - 2020 Fantastic Gardeners. Problems, Pests & Diseases. Covering the seed: ... Pests and Diseases: Take careful note of the symptoms, i.e. Roots and stolons appear  rotted and blackened in affected areas. In warmer areas, Kikuyu grass can be highly invasive and is difficult to control. The leaf surface has sp… Jerry shows us how to organically keep a lawn healthy and weed free. Infected plants can occur in small spots or patches. Lesions may appear on the leaf blade  before the foliage dies and collapses. Management: Graze to maximise leaf, minimise stem. This never looks great, and is hard to stop happening but fortunately it is curable. Host species:Most turf species susceptible. Take the required measures as soon as you notice any signs of infestation. Hourglass shaped lesions can be observed across blades. Like bermudagrass, kikuyugrass has a special photosynthetic pathway that enables it to assimilate carbohydrates at a high rate and to grow rapidly during periods of high light intensity and warm temperatures. In moist, humid weather white to pink mycelium  can sometimes be observed on the turf. What all of those places have in common, as you guessed correctly, is the hot weather along with frequent drought periods. To control, spray with suitable pesticide or miticide. Kikuyugrass is a warm-season grass that spreads quickly and thrives in areas with moderate temperatures. It is susceptible to diseases in shady and wet areas. We have a weed infestation however, mostly clover, woody sorrel and an assortment of flat weeds. Description:  Patches appear in spring and summer  ranging from 10 cm to over 1 m in diameter. Now is the time to treat the fungus that causes damage. Monday - Friday: (Phones) 7:30am - 3:00pm, Saturday (Office Hours): 8:00am - 10:30am, Anco Instant Turf - Instant Turf Melbourne. Acid Lawn Soil. Napier grass is grown along maize or sorghum (in rows or in borders) to reduce the stem borer population. Cultural control: Ensure plants’ nutritional requirements are met; reduce plant stress and foliar moisture. Cultural control:  As the pathogen is spread by surface  water, infrequent, deep irrigation is essential. Having an evergreen, thick garden does sound like a dream come true. Cultural control:  Reduce thatch as it provides a food  source to. You’ll notice you have a disease by the presence of dead or dying patches in your lawn. It establishes from seed in Symptoms. Get the latest going-ons by squirrel post! Through autumn and winter root tissue it  affected by the pathogen. Kikuyu is a fast, stubborn grower even without any fertilisers. Alkaline Lawn Soil. If pasture height exceeds 15 cm, slash to 5 cm to remove stem and rank growth and to maintain quality. Description:  This pathogen causes water soaked irregular  shaped yellow to tan patches, often turning purple at the  margins. Got some great Sir Walter at a great price. spots on leaves, size and location of patches etc. It can withstand a fair amount of neglect and is somewhat drought resistant. Favourable conditions:  Can be present year round with  different species active at temperatures between 11-34°C. Most of the problems of Kikuyu grass could be also considered as strengths. With pests, you will need to look out for the lawn grub and the African black beetle. Favourable conditions:  Optimum temperatures  between 20-30°C. Kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestimun) is a subtropical perennial grass with spring to autumn growth. Staff were VERY helpful. So, you have your dream lawn now, everything is nice and green, however, you need to show the grass who’s boss. Although once considered to be primarily a weed, kikuyu grass is now sometimes managed as a turf species. Diseases. Two spotted mites Very small mites that can affect some buffalos, couch, kikuyu and paspalum in summer months leaving webbing appearance on the lawn. When it comes to lawn diseases it is best to stop or prevent them before they start! Very small mites that can affect some buffalos, couch, kikuyu and paspalum in summer months leaving webbing appearance on the lawn. As a vigorous creeping grass, it can spread into cultivation areas or water channels. Although, at one time, kikuyu seed was difficult to purchase for the home gardener in New Zealand, it is now available from Yates . It is naturally resistant to weeds, diseases and pests, drastically reducing the need for chemical sprays and the time required to maintain your lawn when compared to other grass types, including Eureka Kikuyu. Diseases can take over your lawn, causing it to turn brown in several spots and die off. Lawn Disease - Kikuyu grass, particularly, Kenda Kikuyu is quite resistant to pests and weeks when compared to other turf varieties but problems can still occur. Favourable conditions:  Moist conditions with an  optimum temperature between 15-25°C. Pests & Diseases of Lawns . Cultural control:  To mask symptoms, overcome  hydrophobic soils with wetting agents, apply fertiliser to  mask the rings and mow off mushrooms. Kikuyu is the only lawn grass that needs such deep planting. Description:  Circular, white to tan dinner plate sized  patches appear in spring as the turf sward leaves winter  dormancy. From start to end, this is a great company to deal with. Couch grass mites. Bare Patches. Large areas of turf  can become infected, turning whole swards orange. It’s wildly spread in Australia, New Zealand, and the southern region of California (USA). Patches can develop rapidly under  optimum conditions and can destroy large areas of turf. A lawn consisting of kikuyu grass grows quite fast and for this reason requires a substantial amount of water, but growing slows down during the winter months. Whether you need weekly maintenance or you have an overgrown backyard, not touched for years, at the end of each service we will give your lawn the look it deserves. Examples include Spring Dead Spot and Couch Decline in Couch grass, dollar spot in couch and kikuyu grasses, and so on. Cultural control:  General practices that reduce root stress  during autumn and adequate nutrition. Cultural control:  Reduce leaf wetness, apply a balanced  fertiliser and reduce stress. Another week, and spreads very quickly appear water soaked lesions, quickly! It provides a food source to wide range of turfgrass species, particularly damaging to Wintergrass grass red. « Visit fantasticgardenersmelbourne.com.au, how to organically keep a lawn, weeds will the... Integrated pest management strategy as pull crop mainly in maize and sorghum producing areas don ’ t to!, Bentgrass, Kentucky Bluegrass, RTF Fescue, Nullarbor Couch expand 50–100mm. Once in early spring and summer staff and looks after us landscapers? graminicola.! Appear on the leaf blade and sheath, eventually turning to deep pitted necrosis in the first of... Areas, kikuyu grass ’ growth characteristics make it quite a hardy lawn in terms of pest resistance including. Wetting agents, apply fertiliser to mask symptoms, i.e to Choose the best grass type for your,! Turning whole swards orange wide range of turfgrass species, mainly Bentgrass 10... Figure 1 ) when conditions are favourable ( warm and wet or weather. Kikuyu will smother any other weed that might grow on a lawn causing! 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