He later falls in the great battle, slain by Nakula and Sahadeva. Ghatotkacha He is appalled when Bhima fights unfairly by striking Duryodhana below the navel with his mace. Convincing her to make love to him, Parashara removed the odor of fish and replaced it with that of flowers. Spell. During the great battle, Gandhari observes that victory will be on the side of dharma, meaning that the Pandavas will win the war. (See Nala.). Janamejaya Kunti is the first wife of King Pandu. The king of Sindhu, Jayadratha carries off Draupadi while the five Pandavas are away hunting in the Kamyaka forest. Duryodhana, who has been looking for a warrior skilled enough to defeat his enemy Arjuna, makes Karna king of Anga. Unlike past stories where the character’s behaviors were affected someway but tradition, culture or society, the story of Yayati has none of those attributes. Sanjaya Abhimanyu Figures from Indian history are transformed into characters from mythology. As a form of poetic justice, Dhrishtadyumna is likewise killed unheroically, as he sleeps in his tent, by Aswatthaman. After the hostilities have ended, Bhishma speaks to King Yudhishthira, counseling him on ethics, law, morality, kingship, and philosophy. Ganesha Despite these continual assaults on her character and person, however, Draupadi maintains her poise, balance, and dignity throughout the poem. His name means "bucket." In heaven, eight Vasu gods (attendants of Indra) are cursed to be born on earth. Which Mahabharata Character Are You? Aswatthaman Salya Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. Too which Sarmishta pushed Devayani down a well and left. The key characteristics of women are seen as submission, suppression, obedience and silence. When he hears the untruth that his son is dead he throws down his weapons in anguish and is slain by the king's son, Dhrishtadyumna. He marries Gandhari, who bears him one hundred sons, the Kauravas, who are the antagonists of the poem and represent the forces of evil and chaos. Draupadi Arjuna's son by Subhadra, Abhimanyu is killed in the great war by Duhsasana after his chariot is cut off from the main Pandava force by King Jayadratha. Mahabharata, one of the two Sanskrit epic poems of ancient India (the other being the Ramayana). Test. Dhrishtadyumna is the son of King Drupada, brother of Draupadi, and the general of the Pandava army. He is nevertheless regarded as the father of Arjuna, Yudhishthira, Bhima, Nakula, and Sahadeva—all of whom are born from unions between his wives and various gods. In order to avenge the death of his father, Parikshit, at the hands of a Naga (snake-man), Janamejaya holds a snake sacrifice, during which the Mahabharata is recited by Vaisampayana. He later exchanges sexes with a Rakshasa in order to fight in the great war. He fathers one son, Parikshit, by his wife Uttarah. Duryodhana and Sakuni exploit these qualities of Yudhishthira's character by inviting him to take part in a game of dice. The eldest princess of Banaras, Amba is abducted by Bhishma along with her sisters Ambika and Ambalika to serve as wives for Vichitravirya. Thus, Karna fights on the side of the Kauravas against his own half-brothers, the Pandavas, in the great war. Eventually the prince Yayati found Devayani and saved her, she grew a liking toward him. One day while dreaming of his queen, his seed fell on a leaf. After a while Yayati had an affair with Sarmishta, when Devayani found out she told her father, Sukracharya, who cursed Yayati to old age unless someone was willing to exchange their youth with his. Dhritarashtra Sage and uncle-advisor of both the Pandavas and the Kauravas. After the birth of his five sons, Pandu gives in to temptation, carnally embraces his wife Madri, and dies in her arms. Hidimba is a Rakshasa, or forest-demon. Duryodhana Gandhari Ambika His name means "compassion," and though he follows the dharma of the warrior, Kripa practices restraint in his decisions and remains alive (one of only three Kauravas to do so) at the end of the war. He promises her that their son will be the future king of Kurujangala. Sauti begins by recounting the death of King Parikshit of the Bharatas at the hands of Takshaka, a Naga, or snake-man. The central protagonist of the Mahabharata and one of the two primary characters in the Bhagavad Gita, Arjuna is a Pandava warrior who fights his cousins, the Kauravas, over his kingdom of Hastinapura. Being without a husband, she blesses the child and sends him adrift on a river. During the great war, Bhishma is selected by Duryodhana as the first general of the Kaurava army. Representing unchecked power, Bhima is the source of incredible carnage throughout the Mahabharata. Word Count: 284. Because of her great beauty, Draupadi is frequently abused or abducted by men who desire her. Talk by Chaitanya Charan das as a part of the course "Fascinating Mahabharata Characters". His father was the rishi Parashara, and like him Vyasa is a powerful sage and seer. Son of Abhimanyu and Uttarah, and grandson of Arjuna, Parikshit succeeds Yudhishthira as king of Kurujangala following the former's abdication and departure for the holy Mount Meru. She accepts on the condition that he promise never to ask who she is or to question her actions. He remains true to his dharma, or sacred duty as a warrior, even when it causes him great personal sorrow to do so. They request that Ganga be their mother, and she agrees. Noble and aloof, he is the foremost example of the Hindu warrior who follows the precepts of dharma, or sacred duty. Markandeya With these words the divine Krishna convinces Arjuna that death is merely an illusion, that souls are immortal and return, reincarnated, to the earth after a period in heaven. At his death a huge snake with a thousand heads comes out of his mouth. One has to focus on the personality traits of each character. Although he never leaves the forest where he was bom, Ghatotkacha takes part in the great war on the side of the Pandavas. She reacts to Vyasa's frightful appearance by closing her eyes, and her son Dhritarashtra is born blind. (See Savitri.). He also draws King Drupada's bow at Draupadi's svayamvara, or ceremony of self-choice, winning her as wife for himself and his brothers. In a dream King Drupada hears Shiva tell him that he will be given a son and a daughter, born of fire. Devayani can be described as a narcissist. Accidentally shot in the foot (the only place where he is not invulnerable) by a deer hunter, he dies unheroically. A composition, Andha Yug is a perfect balance between drama and poetry, where the theatricality is further expounded by Bharati adapting the classical structure of Indian drama with Greek Chorus. Hidimba-asur is a Rakshasa, or forest demon. Krishna is sometimes called Krishna Vyasa Dvaipayana and credited with composing the Mahabharata, yet in the poem he is Arjuna's friend and charioteer, a character separate from the poet and seer Vyasa. The Aswins - Separate each parva into sections based on the structural elements in the text. Krishna tells Arjuna that he must fight with detachment, without desire, according to the dictates of dharma, his sacred duty. A Micropolitical Analysis. It outlines and explains the mental characteristics of a person and how it effects that person’s behavior. The link between the divine and the storyteller, here, is an explicit and crucial one. Sauti, a storyteller returning from a sacrifice, relates the story of the sacred texts as he remembers them. Known for her hospitality, Kunti welcomes the hermit Durvasas into her palace. Unlike in the story of Valmiki where, Yayati speaks about the daughter of a guru named Devayani, she got into a fight with the demon princess Sarmishta over the fact that Sarmishta accidently wore Devayani’s clothing as they came out of a pool. Eventually, Nala breaks free from Kali's hold on him and recovers both his throne and Damayanti. After the death of his father during the war, Aswatthaman gives way to an almost uncontrollable anger and thirst for revenge. MAHABHARATA'S IMPORTANT CHARACTERS - MAHABHARATA is an epic narrative of the Kurukestra War and the fates of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes. Later Indra assists his son by disguising himself as a Brahmin and requesting Karna's natural armor as a boon, thus rendering Karna no longer invincible in war. The Mahabharata Character Analysis. King Santanu . Takshaka The Mahabharata is one of the two major Sanskrit epics of ancient India; it was composed by the sage Vyasa.The most important characters of Mahabharata can be said to include: Krishna; the Pandavas — Yudhishthira, Bheema, Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva, along with their wife Draupadi; and the Kauravas (who were a hundred brothers), led by the eldest brother, Duryodhana. She refuses, and instead flees west to be with her true love, the King of Salwa. 1. King of Kurujangala for most of the Mahabharata, Dhritarashtra's name means "he who supports the kingdom." He is a rash, impulsive warrior who often fights with a huge mace, standing in sharp contrast to his elder brother, Yudhishthira, who embodies nobility, patience, and wise judgment. Savitri follows the god and begs him to restore her husband's life. 15 pages at 400 words per page) View a FREE sample. King of the Madras, Salya fights with the Kauravas and leads their army after Karna's death. Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now. William Buck. His skill as a military commander is unparalleled, and he leads his forces to many early victories. Karna - The King of Anga | Mahabharata | Character Analysis Get link; Facebook; Twitter; Pinterest; Email; Other Apps; By Emperor Of Skills - September 10, 2020 Karna - The King of Anga. Subhadra He serves as war tutor of the Bharata princes and advisor to the king. Her strength of character is equal to that of her five husbands, and from her comes the most resolute feminine perspective in the Mahabharata. The third of five Pandava brothers, Arjuna is described as a master ambidextrous archer, who is also highly skilled in the usage of other weapons, enabling him to earn the title of Maharathi, or outstanding warrior (Menon 2006a: 117). She and her brothers ambush the five Pandavas and their wife Draupadi. As the time of his death approaches, she waits by his side and sees Yama, the god of death, arrive to take Satyavan's soul. Though Draupadi refuses him and attempts to warn him of the vengeance of her husbands, Kichaka is resolute in his passions and refuses to give up. Each year for seven years she bears a son (each with a cursed Vasu soul) and drowns him in the Ganges. Arjuna's exploits include his journey to Indra's heaven—where his father, the king of the gods, advises him—and his discovery of magical weapons to aid the Pandavas in the war against the Kauravas. King Virata's daughter, Uttarah marries Abhimanyu and gives birth to Parikshit. He is adopted and raised by Adhiratha, a charioteer, and travels to the imperial capital of Hastinapura when he grows up. Eventually she and Bhima fall in love and have a son, Ghatotkacha. They have been the subject for several interpretations and re-interpretations across genres from poems to plays to ballets to films and books. Twin gods known as "the harbingers of dawn," the Aswins father Nakula and Sahadeva by Madri, Pandu's second wife. He survives the journey to the mountain, never forsaking his faithful dog—Dharma in disguise. Karna, "the archer-king," is son of Surya, god of the sun, and Kunti. Match. Yudhishthira's most notable traits, apart from his detachment, are his taste for gambling and inability to refuse a challenge. Daughter of King Drupada of Panchala, Draupadi marries all five of the Pandava princes. Duryodhana – One of The Main Characters Of Mahabharata By Aayush. Dhritarashtra is the eldest grandson of Santanu. So instead of analyzing the tale using cultural psychology or social psychology, the focus will mostly be on cognitive psychology. Ramayana And The Mahabharata Analysis. After he has finished, his soul departs for heaven. On the way all but Yudhishthira fall dead. Indra The second of Vichitravirya's wives, Ambalika is impregnated by the poet Vyasa. He consistently defends the honor of his wife, Draupadi, although his measures are typically extreme. He is representative of honor and wisdom in the poem. Surya How does Shakuntala represent the feminine ideal of Indian women in Mahabharata, and when does she fall short of that ideal? The Brahmins … He is motivated by a desire for personal gain, rather than hatred or vengeance. Following the war, Dhritarashtra laments the destruction of his sons and steps down from his throne. These three—Yudhishthira, Bhima, and Arjuna—are the heroes of the Mahabharata. Wife of Santanu, Satyavati was born of royalty, but lived her early life as a fisherwoman who sometimes ferried travelers across the Yamuna river. It is the source of many importance Hindu Scriptures such as Bhagavad Gita, Vishnu Sahasranāma, Shiva Sahasranāma etc. In exchange for giving up his future rights to kingship, Santanu grants him a blessing, that he will never die until he so chooses. He employs the magical weapon of Narayana, which is capable of killing the entire Pandava army. This is somewhat ironic, however, considering that he lacks the will to stop the great war, though by his own admission he possesses the strength to do so. Devayani told her father that would not return home unless Sarmistha became her maid and eventually her wish was fulfilled, later one she married Yayati. A legendary king, Kuru gives his name to the Bharata people. Initially causing great destruction and striking fear in the hearts of the entire Kaurava army, Ghatotkacha's attacks are stopped by Karna, who kills him with a magical dart. Although an unconquerable fighter at the start of the great battle, Arjuna experiences an intense feeling of self-doubt and loses his resolution to fight when he sees his kinsmen lined up against him. He was a great human being and showed his greatness in different situations, but because of this bitterness, in many ways it was he who turned everything wrong. He fathers the hero Arjuna. An analysis of the charachters Karna and Arjuna from the text; exploring their appearances, descriptions and associations in the epic. He remains true to his dharma, or sacred duty as a warrior, even when it causes him great personal sorrow to do so. His name means "awe-inspiring," and this son of Santanu and the goddess Ganga is an emblem of the wise warrior. Share. He vows revenge against Duhsasana for his affront to Draupadi by publicly disrobing her. During the war, however, Jayadratha once again invokes Arjuna's wrath by outmaneuvering his son, Abhimanyu, indirectly causing the young warrior's death. Eldest son of Dhritarashtra, Prince Duryodhana plays the role of chief antagonist in the Mahabharata. This section contains 5,808 words (approx. A Brahmin and military man, Drona teaches the Bharata princes the art of warfare. Sikhandin Chitrangada Urvasi eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. Seldom perturbed, Yudhishthira is courageous, strong, prudent, and patient. The poet attributed with composing the Mahabharata, Vyasa's name means "arranger" or "compiler"—thus appropriate to his role in creating the encyclopedic poem. A legendary king called Chakravarti or "Universal Emperor," Bharata gives his name to the people that are the subject of the Mahabharata. Stayed true to his promise. Abhimanyu. Their first cousins, a … Shiva Some interpretations of Bhima's character find that he goes too far when he kills Duhsasana and drinks his blood as he swore to; however, other commentators note that in so doing, Bhima was avenging a terrible wrong and fulfilling a vow he had sworn to carry out. The beauty of Mahabharat is the variety of its characters. It’s important to acknowledge the many branches of psychology in order to understand the reasoning behind the actions of the characters within Indian Mythology, in particular cognitive, It tells the story of a princess named Draupadi who marries 5 brothers, and is later gambled away by one of the five brothers to become a slave. He also appears briefly in the Mahabharata: Bhima encounters Hanuman on his travels through the Kamyaka forest. Despite efforts to alter his fate, Parikshit is poisoned and killed by the Naga prince Takshaka. Show More. Last Updated on May 6, 2015, by eNotes Editorial. Santanu leaves his throne to Pandu in his old age and retires to the forest to die. Mahabharata Analysis. Near the end of the poem, he ascends to heaven with his brothers and wife, after a brief time of spiritual cleansing in hell. Print Word PDF. Kuru Found on a doorstep as a child by a Kuru soldier, Kripa rises to a position of immense respect in the court of Dhritarashtra. Called the Brahmasira, it even has the power to destroy the world. Vyasa is widely understood to be the scribe of the Mahabharata, and is considered one of the seven immortal beings in the Hindu faith. Dhrishtadyumna What is a summary of R. K. Narayan's Mahabharata? Thus, she must constantly be protected by her husbands from such individuals as King Jayadratha, General Kichaka, and Prince Duhsasana. Bhishma is one of the powerful characters of the epic, Mahabharata that contains and shows a pious way of life to the mortals living on earth. According to the story of his birth, Drona was conceived when his father saw a heavenly Apsara and his seed fell into a bowl of water. The women in the Mahabharata have been treated as slaves, property, chattel and commodities used for the pleasure of men. Krishna's song serves to dispel Arjuna's doubts about the war. Though Arjuna, Bhima, and Yudhishthira track him down, they spare his life. Ghatotkacha is a powerful demon born to Bhima and Hidimba. The `Mahabharata' has a deep underlying symbolism. Nakula (See Savitri.). Dhritarashtra's primary failing is not malice, however, it is, appropriately, blindness—his inability to see clearly the events that are unfolding and to stop them. Bhishma, however, will not fight Sikhandin, who was born a woman but later changed sex. Santanu's eldest son by Satyavati, Chitrangada dies in battle before marrying or producing a son. Chitraratha Categories: Related content. King of Matsya, Virata admits the disguised Pandavas and Draupadi into his court during their thirteenth year of exile. The god of the dead, Yama appears in Markandeya's tale of Savitri. This tale parallels that of Yudhishthira's situation, and its happy ending foreshadows the similar resolution of the epic plot. King of Kurujangala, Santanu is grandfather of Dhritarashtra and Pandu. Chitraratha is king of the Gandharvas, powerful supernatural creatures who are the heavenly musicians. Vrihadaswa The twins are the sons of Pandu's second wife Madri by the Aswins, gods called the "harbingers of dawn." Kali is the god of misfortune. He is the main character of the most popular Hindu epic Mahabharata and eldest among the Kauravas, the hundred sons of King Dhritarashtra and Queen … Lord Ganesha symbolism [topic] 4. This Study Guide consists of approximately 65 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Mahabharata. Following their defeat, he unleashes an incredible weapon, taught to him by his father. Virata A warrior in the Pandava army, Sikhandin is responsible for Bhishma's death in battle. Dhritarashtra's charioteer, Sanjaya reports the events of the great war to his king after Vyasa blesses him with heavenly sight and magical protection in battle. After the Narayana fails, Aswatthaman is demoralized and believes the Kauravas will lose. Vaka Instead, we get largely irrelevant comments to the audience from Krishna, long before he is even introduced into the story. Vyasa We’ve discounted annual subscriptions by 50% for our End-of-Year sale—Join Now! Son of Drona, Aswatthaman is a mighty warrior who fights with the Kaurava army. While he frequently employs deception to defeat his enemies, in his final battle with Bhima, Duryodhana fights fairly and it is the Pandava prince who cheats by striking him in the thighs. She agrees and the two live together happily for 400 years. The eldest of the Pandava brothers, Yudhisthira is their leader as both king and commander in battle. Something serious is about to happen on the field of Kurukshetra. 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