et al.Â, Genth-Zotz
The detection limit was 20 fmol of nitrate; intra- and interassay variabilities were below 3.8%. Methods: 50 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy were randomly assigned to double-blind treatment with 2 I.U. A fused-silica capillary column DB-5 MS (30 mmÃ25 mm I.D:, 0.25 Î¼m film thickness) from J&W Scientific (Rancho Cordova, CA) was used with helium as the carrier gas (70 kPa). 2015. Urine sampling was incomplete at one time-point in eight patients. Serum levels of growth hormone (GH)  and IGF-I were measured with specific RIAs . Co-factors for NOS include oxygen, NADPH, tetrahydrobiopterin and flavin adenine nucleotides. cells.
Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired in patients with chronic heart failure . These nerves have emerged as key mediators of the vasodilation associated with penile erection, and they also appear to play an important role in regulating cere- Healthy Nitric Oxide Levels It is ideal to target all of the needed nutrients, but the following is the most likely to be low in our diet (focus on food for the other nutrients in the BH4 diagram). 43:223â236. The placebo group showed no significant changes in these variables from their respective baseline values. Biomed View Article : Google Scholar : PubMed/NCBI, Torres-Estay V, Carreno DV, Francisco IF, View Article : Google Scholar : PubMed/NCBI, de Oliveira TS, de Oliveira LM, de Patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), who fulfilled all of the inclusion criteria were randomised for the study. methodology to clinical perspectives. C.
2). Nitric oxide synthase NOS catalyze the production of NO from arginine amino acid.
Vascul Pharmacol. IGF-binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3) was measured using a specific RIA with an intra-assay variability of 7.3% at 2772 ng/ml and 6.9% at 3545 ng/ml .
1998. Karl Josef Osterziel, Stefanie M Bode-BÃ¶ger, Oliver Strohm, Annette E Ellmer, Nana Bit-Avragim, Dankward HÃ¤nlein, Michael B Ranke, Rainer Dietz, Rainer H BÃ¶ger, Role of nitric oxide in the vasodilator effect of recombinant human growth hormone in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, Cardiovascular Research, Volume 45, Issue 2, January 2000, Pages 447â453, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0008-6363(99)00345-4. Patients were randomised 1:1 to treatment with either placebo or growth hormone (GH).
The decrease in systemic vascular resistance in the GH group correlated weakly with the increase in serum IGF-I levels and in nitrate excretion. mediated by estrogen receptors accounts for estrone-induced R.H.
The discovery about its role in the cardiovascular system even resulted in the Nobel prize ().The gas is involved in vasodilation, respiration, neurotransmission, hemostasis (prevention of bleeding), and immune response ().However, inhaling nitric oxide can cause systemic effects that can leave one dizzy or lightheaded. Tonshoff
Enhanced NO formation results in vasodilation, and this may be one contributing factor that determines vascular resistance in heart failure. S.
Klenk DC: Measurement of protein using bicinchoninic acid. bisphenol A-induced testicular and sperm damage in rats through
anoxia/reperfusion injury in H9c2 cells via up-regulating p-AKT and
Mol Med Rep 19: â¦ induces rat pulmonary artery vasorelaxation by opening the Although no significant overall hemodynamic improvement was found during this relatively short-term treatment, a tendency towards decreased peripheral arterial resistance was observed . et al.Â, Smith
vascular activation of cGMP signaling. BÃ¶ger
Secondly, IGF-I induced vasodilation in the human forearm is completely reversed upon addition of l-NMMA, suggesting that the vasodilator effect of IGF-I is also mediated via NO in humans . 14:7468â7475. Cell Physiol Biochem. In the present study, we investigated whether systemic NO production is increased in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy during treatment with recombinant human growth hormone. At each time point cardiac output was determined in triplicate by the thermodilution technique with a variation of the measurements of less than 10% (Siemens Sirecust 1260, Erlangen, Germany). Biochem J. W.
In addition to medical treatment, the increase in systemic NO formation may contribute to a further, small decrease of arterial vascular resistance. When the changes from baseline were calculated seperately for each group there were significant decreases of blood pressure (P<0.001) and systemic vascular resistance (P<0.05) and a trend towards an increase of stroke volume (P=0.06) in the GH but not in the placebo group. The treatment phase started after completion of all baseline studies with subcutaneous injections of 0.5 I.U. Nitric oxide is a nitrogen oxide which is a free radical, each molecule of which consists of one nitrogen and one oxygen atom. acylated oligosugars with vasorelaxant activity from Cistanche 23:pp. View Article : Google Scholar : PubMed/NCBI, Maruhashi T, Kihara Y and Higashi Y: Verhovec
For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. Process Biochem. BÃ¶ger
aortic rings via an NO-cGMP pathway.
phenylethanoid glycosides from Cistanches Herba based on 'target A.
Nitric oxide (NO) is a relatively stable free radical. P.T. All patients were treated for a minimum of 12 weeks. In our patients, baseline urinary nitrate and cGMP excretion rates were in a similar range like those we have previously determined in adult patients with acquired growth hormone deficiency . Int J Mol Med 45: 1195-1202, 2020, Gu, L., Lian, D., Zheng, Y., Zhou, W., Gu, J., & Liu, X. NO-cGMP-PKG-BKCa channels and reducing intracellular R.A.
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Hashimoto R, Ogawa S, Tanaka K, Ouchi Y and Okabe T: Src In addition, relative deficiency of l-arginine, the substrate for NO synthase, may be another cause of reduced NO synthesis .
Nitric oxide relaxes the smooth muscle of the arterioles and produces vasodilation via both direct and indirect mechanisms. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. under hypoxia. A.J.
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Morning serum levels of GH did not significantly increase during GH treatment whereas IGF-I (Fig. Assessment of endothelium-independent vasodilation: From
Urinary cGMP levels were measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA) (Amersham Pharmacia Biotech, Freiburg, Germany). There is evidence for reduced activity of the GH-IGF-I axis in patients with chronic heart failure [7,8].Treatment with GH for 3 months has been shown to increase left ventricular mass . Their plasma levels correlate significantly to left atrial pressure and left ventricular wall tension . This effect may be mediated by IGF-I stimulating endothelial NO synthase. Endocrinology. against oxidative stress-induced injury: Involvement of 2013. 1 Despite a growing understanding of the mechanisms by which NO is released from the endothelium, the precise molecular mechanisms by which NO relaxes vascular smooth muscle are not fully understood. Insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) has been shown to stimulate endothelial NO-synthase resulting in endothelium-dependent vasodilation. The IGF-I assay (RIA; Mediagnost, TÃ¼bingen, Germany) uses an excess of IGF-II to eliminate interferences with IGFBPs . ovariectomized rats. The endothelium produces numerous vasodilator and vasoconstrictor compounds that regulate vascular tone; the vasodilator, nitric oxide (NO), has additional antiatherogenic properties, is probably the most important and best characterised mediator, and its intrinsic vasodilator function is commonly used as a surrogate index of endothelial function.
Both groups were not significantly different in any variable (P>0.20).
At baseline and at the end of double-blind GH/placebo treatment urinary nitrate concentration was determined as its pentafluorobenzyl derivate by gas chromatographyâmass spectrometry (GCâMS) as described previously . H.E.
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Nonetheless, when changes from baseline values were calculated there were small but significant decreases of arterial resistance of 7% (P<0.05) in the patients receiving GH. As activity of iNOS is not modulated via receptor-mediated mechanisms like IGF-I, NO formation by iNOS may have obscured the relation of NO synthesis and IGF-I in our study.
Abstract. Inhaled nitric oxide therapy in premature infants with mild to moderate respiratory distress syndrome. Cistanche Herba. 49:173â178. Related terms: Vasoconstrictors; Hypertension; Nitric Oxide; Eicosanoid Receptor Although inhibition of the reninâangiotensin system may have increased NO production baseline excretion rates of nitrate and cGMP in our patients with moderate to severe heart failure were still lower than those reported for healthy subjects .
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. Intravenous injection of a low dose of L-NMMA in Sprague-Dawley rats affected the renal excretions of sodium and water without altering blood pressure, but at a high dose it induced hypertension . Filgueira FP and Ghedini PC: Activation of PI3K/Akt pathway This may contribute to the progressive deterioration of left ventricular function. 20:549â557. glucose-induced apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial T.
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A P<0.05 was considered significant. Endothelial NO synthase gene expression is reduced in failing human hearts . antioxidation and PI3k/Akt/eNOS/NO signaling pathways.
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View Article : Google Scholar : PubMed/NCBI, Abeyrathna P and Su Y: The critical role Reduced NO-formation or increased oxidative inactivation may be involved . endothelial cells. Furthermore, the ECHâinduced phosphorylation of the Akt at Ser473 was abrogated by 5Â ÂµM wortmannin (a PI3K inhibitor). Compared are the changes between both groups.
Negative ions were produced by chemical ionization using methane as the reactant gas (200 Pa) at an electron energy of 230 eV and an electron current of 300 Î¼A. Vasodilation is the archetypal function of the endothelial cell and the discovery of paracrine-dependent vasorelaxation by endothelium-derived production of the gaseous mediator nitric oxide (NO) was revolutionary.
GH in the evening. C.J. Jeng
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Firstly, endothelium-dependent vasodilation is induced by IGF-I in isolated arteries [13,26]. Nitric Oxide and Vasodilation â¢ 477 A fourth way that NO can be released is from so-called nitroxidergic nerves. International Journal of Molecular Medicine 45, no. 60:19â26. Intra-assay variability was 8.5% at 69 ng/ml and 6.5% at 140 ng/ml. 193:321â328. J Pharmacol Sci. $22.47 / monthSubscribe You can modify or cancel your prescription anytime.âI would definitely recommend this product for anyone who wants to boost their immune system.â [â¦] In addition to endothelial NOS, there is a neural NOS (nNOS; type I) that serves as a transmitter in the brain and in different nerves of the peripheral nervous system, such as non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANâ¦ Our data suggest that GH treatment induces a moderate increase in NO production in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. R.
Nitric oxide â a molecule produced naturally in the body has a number of important functions especially its vasodilation function. 224:131â137. 4 (2020): 1195-1202. https://doi.org/10.3892/ijmm.2020.4476, Food and Health Engineering Research Center of State Education Ministry, School of Life Sciences, Sun Yatâsen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510275, P.R.
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GH treatment increases IGF-I levels which might stimulate NO production in heart failure patients, and by this mechanism reduce arterial resistance and improve cardiovascular function. KÃ¤stner
Endothelium microenvironment sensing leading to nitric oxide kinase-mediates androgen receptor-dependent non-genomic activation Therefore, only the 42 patients with two urine samples were analysed further. Oliveira LP, Costa RMD, Tostes RC, Georg RC, Costa EA, Lobato NS,
These data indicated that ECH stimulated NO production via the ARâdependent activation of eNOS in HUVECs, and that the PI3K/Akt pathway may be involved in eNOS phosphorylation induced by ECH. S.
is key: Mechanisms of intercellular signaling in vasodilation. of recombinant human GH dry powder which was mixed with 0.3% m-cresol solution upon insertion of the vial into the Kabi-pen (provided by Pharmacia & Upjohn, Erlangen, Germany). piiE12132018, Nitric Oxide. Serum levels of GH, IGF-I and IGFBP-3 were determined at rest in the morning of two subsequent days at baseline and after readmission and the average of both values was used for further analysis. Yue
M.C. Echinacoside and Cistanche tubulosa (Schenk) R. wight ameliorate D.
It improves blood flow, promotes strength, builds endurance, and increases recovery time.It uses a powerful L-arginine blend at a powerful dosage of 2400 mg per serving. et al.Â. B.
This indicates reduced whole-body NO production. S.D. migration induced by vitamin D in HUVEC. Serum creatinine, urinary nitrate and cGMP excretion rates at baseline were not different in the two groups (Table 2). Jiang Z, Zhou B, Li X, Kirby GM and Zhang 335:1â13.
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The transport of NO equivalents from areas of high oxygen tension to those with low PO 2 is established, although the exact mechanisms and species involved are still vigorously debated. Safety and efficacy of nitric oxide in chronic lung disease. We thank Pharmacia & Upjohn, Germany, for kindly providing support and the pharmacy department of the Klinikum Buch (Dr. MÃ¶ller) for blinding and randomisation. From: Endothelium and Cardiovascular Diseases, 2018. A.
of GH or placebo for 3 months.
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is a selective pulmonary vasodilator for which the mechanism of action involves guanylyl cyclase activation leading to production of cyclic guanosine monophosphate and subsequent smooth muscle relaxation.57 Although several studies have suggested that iNO improves oxygenation,814 the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) evaluated 2 large randomized multicenter controlled trials of term and near-term neonates with hypoxic respiratory failure that demonstrated imprâ¦ One hundred Î¼l of these samples were treated with 400 Î¼l of acetone and 5 Î¼l of PFB bromide, and the mixture was allowed to react for 60 min at 50Â°C. This is a comment on "Hemoglobin-mediated, hypoxia-induced vasodilation via nitric oxide: mechanism(s) ... and in cooperation with the National Center for Biotechnology Information at the U.S. National Library of Medicine (NCBI/NLM).
The changes of arterial vascular resistance during GH treatment were weakly related to the changes of nitrate excretion (r=0.36, P=0.098) and to the changes of serum IGF-I (r=0.364, P=0.095) but not to changes in cGMP excretion rates.
 were the first to demonstrate that the vasodilator effect of IGF-I in the isolated perfused rat kidney is abrogated by the NO-synthase inhibitor l-NMMA. Several studies support the hypothesis that low levels of IGF-I may contribute to decreased NO synthase activity in heart failure. Boes
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G.A. Alterations of serum IGF-I, urinary nitrate and cyclic GMP excretion rates by GH or placebo treatment.
Volume 45 Issue 4, Print ISSN: 1107-3756 1, Table 2). F: Nitric oxide activates guanylate cyclase and increases guanosine mediated vasodilation: A review of nervous and biomechanical Blood pressure was determined automatically using a cuff (Siemens, Erlangen, Germany) and the average heart rate was taken from the ECG. 2018. B.
FLOW Nitric Oxide Booster From Organic Fruit And Vegetables $28.45 $29.95 Flow Special Offer quantity â OR â Add to cart Subscribe and save! Eligible patients were hospitalised for baseline measurements which included a physical examination, 12 lead ECG, right heart catheterisation and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the heart. 2012.
Thirdly, systemic NO production is increased upon treatment with GH and subsequent elevation of IGF-I levels in adult patients with acquired growth hormone deficiency .
et al.Â, Tsutamoto
Minimal adjustments of drug therapy were made in 11 patients (GH: 4, placebo: 7).
Biomed Pharmacother. Originally identified as a principal determination of vascular tone, nitric oxide has since been recognized to exert anti thrombotic, antiproliferative, and antiâinflammatory effects in â¦ Wiemer
Nitric oxide is a product of nearly every cell in the body and plays an important role in vasodilation. Molecules. Singh
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Quantitation was performed by selected ion monitoring at m/z 46 for endogenous NO2â/NO3â and m/z 47 for the internal standard. Reduced stimulation of endothelial NO synthase (NOS) by growth hormone and/or insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) may be one of the mechanisms contributing to reduced NO elaboration in chronic heart failure. The placebo group injected identical volumes of fluid. The inclusion critieria were: 1) age between 25 and 70 years, 2) a previously documented left ventricular ejection fraction below 45% measured either by echocardiography or by LV-angiography, 3) exclusion of coronary artery disease by selective coronary angiography, 4) optimized and stable medical therapy with ACE-inhibitors (or in case of intolerance with angiotensin II receptor antagonists), digitalis, nitrates and Î²-blockers as well as stable clinical status for at least four weeks. fishing' strategy. All samples for GH, IGF-I or IGFBP-3 determinations were measured in one assay. M.
Liu X: Triterpenoid biosynthesis and the transcriptional response It is unlikely that GH treatment increased natriuretic peptides and, subsequently, cyclic GMP excretion, because GH did not significantly alter pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, a measure of left ventricular filling pressure . R.H.
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Right heart catheterization was performed in the fasting state without the morning medication between 9.00 and 11.00 h. After positioning the catheter in the pulmonary artery the patient was brought to a quiet room where measurements were taken after 30, 90 and 150 min. 2002; 85 (suppl 2): S469âS478. The indirect mechanisms inhibit the influences of the previously mentioned sympathetic vasoconstrictor influences. Both peptide hormones are increased in relation to the severity of heart failure but their action is blunted .
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In two small uncontrolled studies, however, a significant decrease of vascular resistance was reported in patients with ischemic or dilated cardiomyopathy during chronic treatment with GH [10,11]. J.
At baseline 4 patients were in New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class I, 25 in class II, 2 in class IIâIII, 10 in class III and 1 in class IV.
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Urinary nitrate and cyclic GMP excretion rates were measured as indices of systemic NO production rate and related to hemodynamic alterations. The endothelial cell production of nitric oxide (NO) accounts for endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. We thank the participating patients and all those who helped with the running of the study, particularly Ingrid Jackwerth, Anke Heiser, Elke Szczech, Matthias Friedrich, Udo Kuhnert, and Rainer Stein. Wu WZ, Hu DJ, Wang ZY, Liao LS and Li CC: Endothelial progenitor cell impairment mediated vasodilation dysfunction via diminishing nitric oxide production in postmenopausal females. The changes from baseline (Î Placebo and Î GH) were compared and the respective P values were denoted in the last column. H.
of endothelial nitric oxide synthase in vascular endothelial cells: 123:86â92. LV ejection fraction was determined by a standard 1.0 Tesla whole-body imaging system (Siemens Expert Magnetom, Siemens AG, Erlangen, Germany) using an FISP (Fast Imaging with Steady State Precession) gradient echo sequence for gradient-echo-imaging (TR=RRâinterval; flip angle 30Â°, echotime 13 ms). Results: GH treatment caused in comparison to the placebo group a significant increase of IGF-I by 91 ng/ml (P=0.0001). Differences between the two treatment groups were evaluated by Studentâs t-test. Pang
23:15â32. Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP). BÃ¶ger
Comparison of the changes between both groups result in the P values given in the figure. YP, Li ZQ, Liu S, Ma L, Lu DX, Zhou Y and Ge RL: Echinacoside Medline Google Scholar; 32 Clark PL, Ekekezie II, Kaftan HA, et al. U.N.
S.M. The parallel increase of both marker molecules indicates increased systemic NO production during GH treatment. The reference ranges are 30â85 pg/ml and 185â275 pg/ml, respectively. Sabatini
androgens is mediated by rapid phosphorylation and regulation of Nitric oxide (NO) is a mediator of vasodilation in blood vessels. Echinacoside, an inestimable natural product in treatment of Urine at baseline and after 3 months of therapy was obtained. Bode-BÃ¶ger
Treatment with oral l-arginine, the substrate of NO synthase, improves endothelium-dependent vasodilation  and increases arterial compliance in patients with heart failure .
Urinary excretion rates of nitrate and cyclic GMP increased by 37% and 61% of baseline, respectively. Sato
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2) and IGFBP-3 increased significantly (Table 2). View Article : Google Scholar, Quillon A, Fromy B and Debret R: Reduction of nitrate to nitrite was performed prior to derivatization under alkaline conditions (5 wt% ammonium chloride buffer adjusted to pH 8.8 by sodium borate) by incubating samples or standard with 5 mg of cadmium (10 min, 20Â°C). The parallel increase in both marker molecules indicates increased systemic NO production during GH treatment.
(2020). Hemodynamics, growth hormone axis, serum creatinine, and urinary nitrate and cyclic GMP excretion rates at baseline and their changes by treatmenta. Role of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway. roles of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, hydrogen peroxide, and gap Wada
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Impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation leads to elevated peripheral vascular resistance which further increases left ventricular afterload at rest or during exercise [2,3]. Growth hormone (GH) substitution therapy leads in GH-deficient patients to significant increases of IGF-I which may alter systemic vascular resistance by stimulating NO production. View Article : Google Scholar, Deng Q, Zhang Z, Wu Y, Yu WY, Zhang J, et al.Â. Bioorg Med Chem. function in 5-FU-induced myelosuppression mice.
This effect may be mediated by elevated serum IGF-I, subsequently stimulating endothelial NO synthase.
1 Î¼l aliquots thereof were injected into the GC-MS instrument (Hewlett Packard MS Engine 5989 series II, Waldbronn, Germany).
Body weight and NYHA classification had not changed significantly in either of the groups after 98Â±1 days of therapy. Lorusso
To find out more, you may read our Data for catecholamines were not normally distributed, and, therefore, were analysed after logarithmic transformation. D.V. Goligorsky